Periodontics

Alternatives: Extraction and Tooth Replacement

Oct 24, 2018 by in Periodontics Comments Off on Alternatives: Extraction and Tooth Replacement

Fig. 10.1 A rough outline model for the prosthetic treatment options, single-tooth gap 10.4 Gathering Information 10.4.1 Patient History 10.4.1.1 The Medical History The patient’s general health must be comprehensively…

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Surgical Retreatment

Oct 24, 2018 by in Periodontics Comments Off on Surgical Retreatment

Fig. 7.1 (a) Radiograph of an upper lateral incisor with a long parallel post showing an incomplete root canal filling and a periapical radiolucency. Endodontic treatment options can either be…

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Non-surgical Retreatment

Oct 24, 2018 by in Periodontics Comments Off on Non-surgical Retreatment

Fig. 8.1 (a) Tooth 36 is symptomatic after root canal treatment. (b) X-ray in distal angulation suggests the presence of an untreated mesial-lingual canal. (c) Reamer 02 ISO 15 in…

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Prognosis

Oct 24, 2018 by in Periodontics Comments Off on Prognosis

Fig. 9.1 The “evidence pyramid” illustrates how different types of studies basically are assessed for their potential ability to provide different levels of scientific evidence for a specific clinical question…

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Incidence, Frequency, and Prevalence

Oct 24, 2018 by in Periodontics Comments Off on Incidence, Frequency, and Prevalence

Study Country Radiograph Sample PrevalenceRF (%) PrevalenceAP (%) FrequencyAP total (%) FrequencyAP RF (%) Bergenholtz et al. [34] Sweden Apical/FMR Patient 57 6.1 30.5   Boltacz-Rzepkowska [35] Poland Apical/FMR Patient…

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Decision Making

Oct 24, 2018 by in Periodontics Comments Off on Decision Making

Fig. 6.1 A decision tree logically displaying alternative actions in the management of root-filled teeth with apical periodontitis 6.3 Variation in Endodontic Retreatment Decision Making In a benchmark , experimental…

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Consequences

Oct 24, 2018 by in Periodontics Comments Off on Consequences

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018 Thomas Kvist (ed.)Apical Periodontitis in Root-Filled Teethdoi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57250-5_4 4. Consequences Fredrik Frisk1, 2   and Thomas Kvist2   (1) Department of Endodontology, Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Jönköping, Sweden (2) Department of Endodontology,…

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Introduction

Oct 24, 2018 by in Periodontics Comments Off on Introduction

  Disease Illness Sickness Phenomena studied Pathophysiological, histological, microbiological, and radiographic events Pain, swelling, or other symptoms present now or in the future Criteria for classification and grading of disease…

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Diagnosis

Oct 24, 2018 by in Periodontics Comments Off on Diagnosis

Fig. 5.1 Fryback and Thornbury’s framework of the efficacy of diagnostic imaging Nonendodontic Lesions Misdiagnosed as Apical Periodontitis There are a number of nonendontic lesions, both benign and malign, mimicking…

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