Preauricular Approach

Sep 23, 2016 by in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Comments Off on Preauricular Approach

Preauricular Approach The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and its components frequently require exposure for a myriad of procedures. Internal derangements of the TMJ, arthritis, trauma, developmental disorders, and neoplasia may all…

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Endonasal Approach

Sep 23, 2016 by in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Comments Off on Endonasal Approach

Endonasal Approach Several endonasal approaches and incisions to expose the nasal skeleton have been described. The technique for modification of the alar cartilages is the major variable in the different…

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Retromandibular Approach

Sep 23, 2016 by in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Comments Off on Retromandibular Approach

Retromandibular Approach The retromandibular approach exposes the entire ramus from behind the posterior border. It therefore may be useful for procedures involving the area on or near the condylar neck/head,…

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Coronal Approach

Sep 23, 2016 by in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Comments Off on Coronal Approach

Coronal Approach The coronal or bitemporal incision is a versatile surgical approach to the upper and middle regions of the facial skeleton, including the zygomatic arch. It provides excellent access…

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Upper Eyelid Approach

Sep 23, 2016 by in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Comments Off on Upper Eyelid Approach

Upper Eyelid Approach The most direct and cosmetically appealing approach to the superolateral orbital rim is the upper eyelid approach, also called upper blepharoplasty, upper eyelid crease, and supratarsal fold…

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Supraorbital Eyebrow Approach

Sep 23, 2016 by in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Comments Off on Supraorbital Eyebrow Approach

Supraorbital Eyebrow Approach SURGICAL ANATOMY The “in the eyebrow” incision offers simple and rapid camouflaged access to the lateral supraorbital rim, the frontozygomatic suture line, and occasionally the region slightly…

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Cervical Sclerotic Dentin: Resin Bonding

Sep 10, 2016 by in General Dentistry Comments Off on Cervical Sclerotic Dentin: Resin Bonding

Fig. 10.1 (a) SEM micrograph of sclerotic dentin lesion showing a dentinal tubule that was heavily occluded with large cubic whitlockite crystallites (pointers) (Modified from Tay and Pashley (2004a)) (b)…

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Superficial and Deep Carious Lesions

Sep 10, 2016 by in General Dentistry Comments Off on Superficial and Deep Carious Lesions

Fig. 9.1 (a) An X-ray figure showing proximal cavities in premolars. (b) An old silver amalgam restoration and fissures. (c) Occlusal restoration with caries-infiltrated fissures Fig. 9.2 After acid or…

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The Early Enamel Carious Lesion

Sep 10, 2016 by in General Dentistry Comments Off on The Early Enamel Carious Lesion

Fig. 4.1 Schematic drawing of the initial carious lesion including a surface zone, the subsurface lesion (or body of the lesion), the condensation zones (dark zone and translucent zone), and…

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Enamel Etching

Sep 10, 2016 by in General Dentistry Comments Off on Enamel Etching

Fig. 3.1 (a) Crystallite of a mouse incisor. Alignments of hydroxyapatite monocrystals form a lattice, with – 5 Å–6.8 Å spacing. (b) Axial dissolution of a crystallite. (c) The acidic…

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Ultrastructure of the Enamel-Cementum Junction

Sep 10, 2016 by in General Dentistry Comments Off on Ultrastructure of the Enamel-Cementum Junction

Fig. 12.1 Schematic transition between procollagen chains, nucleated under the influence of the C-propeptide. The procollagen trimer is transformed into collagen, a process followed by collagen fibrillation (Linsennnmayer 1981) 12.2…

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