Section III: Evidence

Dec 4, 2021 by in Orthodontics Comments Off on Section III: Evidence

Outcome Assessment and Evidence on the Clinical Performance of Orthodontic Aligners Spyridon N. Papageorgiou and Theodore Eliades Summary In the last decade several systematic reviews of clinical studies comparing orthodontic…

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Managing Tooth Mobility

Dec 4, 2021 by in Periodontics Comments Off on Managing Tooth Mobility

Abstract One of the most immediate dental concerns linked to periodontal disease is tooth mobility, and unlike pocket depth or attachment level, tooth mobility is easily understood by patients. But,…

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Controlling Gingival Inflammation

Dec 4, 2021 by in Periodontics Comments Off on Controlling Gingival Inflammation

Abstract Generally, dental treatment begins with pain management, if needed, and progresses through acute disease control, definite treatment, and maintenance phases. The acute disease control phase consists of biopsy and…

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Predicting Tooth Longevity

Dec 4, 2021 by in Periodontics Comments Off on Predicting Tooth Longevity

Abstract Data gathered during periodontal assessment also helps to answer questions about prognosis that are highly relevant to patients and practitioners: what is the likelihood of tooth loss without treatment?…

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Treating Teeth with Furcation Involvement

Dec 4, 2021 by in Periodontics Comments Off on Treating Teeth with Furcation Involvement

Abstract Furcation involvement presents a special challenge to nonsurgical and surgical periodontal techniques, and the management of furcation involvement has to be approached from both periodontal and restorative perspectives. This…

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Reducing Pockets

Dec 4, 2021 by in Periodontics Comments Off on Reducing Pockets

Abstract For patients with more significant periodontal disease, there typically are residual deep pockets remaining after nonsurgical periodontal treatment. While it is possible that repeat scaling and root planing and…

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Identifying Periodontal Diseases

Dec 4, 2021 by in Periodontics Comments Off on Identifying Periodontal Diseases

Abstract The next step after periodontal data gathering is periodontal diagnosis, which means identification of a patient’s ongoing periodontal disease(s) and attempting to understand what factors led to a patient’s…

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Gathering Periodontal Data

Dec 4, 2021 by in Periodontics Comments Off on Gathering Periodontal Data

Abstract The most important aspect of periodontal treatment is a thorough patient evaluation as without it, neither comprehensive diagnosis nor treatment planning is possible. Patient evaluation must investigate the systemic…

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Section II: Clinical Management

Dec 4, 2021 by in Orthodontics Comments Off on Section II: Clinical Management

Early Treatment in Preteens and Teenagers Using Aligners Eugene K. Chan and M. Ali Darendeliler Summary Clear aligner therapy has always been reserved for adults and/or the esthetically conscious patient….

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Zygomatic Implants Operative Consideration to Minimize Technical Errors, Complications, and Their Management

Nov 5, 2021 by in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Comments Off on Zygomatic Implants Operative Consideration to Minimize Technical Errors, Complications, and Their Management

Key points • Fundamental knowledge of the maxillofacial anatomy and physiology are necessary to perform this advanced procedure. Proper training including the understanding of the prosthetic and surgical biomechanical principles…

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Restoration of Zygomatic Implants

Nov 5, 2021 by in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Comments Off on Restoration of Zygomatic Implants

Key points • Accurate initial data acquisition. • Establish virtual tooth position. • Virtual 3-dimensional diagnosis and planning. • Design and construction of monolithic polymethylmethacrylate conversion prosthesis. • Connection of…

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Quad Zygoma Protocol

Nov 5, 2021 by in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Comments Off on Quad Zygoma Protocol

Key points • Four well-distributed zygomatic implants (quad zygoma) is a first-line approach in severe maxillary atrophy or a rescue therapy after implant failure. • Adequate implant stability allows immediate…

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