Keystone Flap

Mar 10, 2020 by in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Comments Off on Keystone Flap

Key points • The keystone flap is a random pattern multiperforator-based island advancement flap. • Perforator-based island flaps derive their blood supply from 1 or multiple vascular perforating branches that…

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Rhomboid Flap

Mar 10, 2020 by in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Comments Off on Rhomboid Flap

Key points • The rhomboid flap is a workhorse flap for reconstruction of facial and head and neck defects based on the transposition flap design. • The rhomboid excision (60°…

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Bilobed Flaps

Mar 10, 2020 by in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Comments Off on Bilobed Flaps

Key points • Bilobed flaps are excellent local reconstructive options for nasal dorsum, tip, and sidewall defects. • The bilobed flap can be applied to other areas of the face…

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The Facial Skin Defect

Mar 10, 2020 by in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Comments Off on The Facial Skin Defect

Key points • Reconstruction of facial skin defects regardless of cause has important psychosocial implications, and multiple factors must be considered when choosing the final reconstructive plan. • Photography is…

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The Nasolabial Flap

Mar 10, 2020 by in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Comments Off on The Nasolabial Flap

Key points • This article highlights the history, applications, and versatility of the nasolabial flap. • Variations of flap design, harvest, and inset are described. • The reader is presented…

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Long-term stability of a Class III malocclusion with severe anterior open bite and bilateral posterior crossbite in a hyperdivergent patient

Mar 9, 2020 by in Orthodontics Comments Off on Long-term stability of a Class III malocclusion with severe anterior open bite and bilateral posterior crossbite in a hyperdivergent patient

Anterior open bite malocclusion is generally associated with several causes. This case report describes the 2-phase treatment of a 13-year-old boy with a Class III malocclusion, severe anterior open bite,…

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Facial growth changes in a Colombian Mestizo population: An 18-year follow-up longitudinal study using linear mixed models

Mar 9, 2020 by in Orthodontics Comments Off on Facial growth changes in a Colombian Mestizo population: An 18-year follow-up longitudinal study using linear mixed models

Introduction Currently, a standard of reference for longitudinal facial growth parameters for South American mestizos is lacking. Therefore, in this study, we describe an 18-year follow-up of craniofacial growth from…

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Effect of force direction and tooth angulation during traction of palatally impacted canines: A finite element analysis

Mar 9, 2020 by in Orthodontics Comments Off on Effect of force direction and tooth angulation during traction of palatally impacted canines: A finite element analysis

Introduction Treatment of a palatally impacted canine (PIC) is associated with demanding anchorage control, increased treatment duration, and undesirable side effects. Accurate PIC localization and force application impact treatment success….

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Effects of Twin-block vs sagittal-guidance Twin-block appliance on alveolar bone around mandibular incisors in growing patients with Class II Division 1 malocclusion

Mar 9, 2020 by in Orthodontics Comments Off on Effects of Twin-block vs sagittal-guidance Twin-block appliance on alveolar bone around mandibular incisors in growing patients with Class II Division 1 malocclusion

Introduction The purpose of this study was to comparatively evaluate the effects of Twin-block (TB) appliance and sagittal-guidance Twin-block (SGTB) appliance on alveolar bone around mandibular incisors in growing patients…

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Short-term effects of fixed orthodontic appliance on concentrations of mutans streptococci and persister cells in adolescents

Mar 9, 2020 by in Orthodontics Comments Off on Short-term effects of fixed orthodontic appliance on concentrations of mutans streptococci and persister cells in adolescents

Introduction Orthodontic patients are at an increased risk for developing caries. Dental caries is a biofilm-mediated disease, with mutans streptococci (MS) as the primary etiologic bacterial group. It has been…

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The effect of micro-osteoperforations on the rate of orthodontic tooth movement: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Mar 9, 2020 by in Orthodontics Comments Off on The effect of micro-osteoperforations on the rate of orthodontic tooth movement: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Introduction Minimally invasive micro-osteoperforations (MOPs) look promising for a routine acceleration of orthodontic tooth movement (OTM). The objective of this research was to systematically evaluate evidence regarding the effects of…

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Got it

Mar 9, 2020 by in Orthodontics Comments Off on Got it

Q uintanilla v Dunkelman, 34 Cal. Rptr. 3d, 557 (App. 2005, rev. denied, No. 14252, Cal. Sup. Ct., December 21, 2005) is an interesting case dealing with informed consent that…

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