Basic Principles

Jul 7, 2020 by in Orthodontics Comments Off on Basic Principles

10.1055/b-0034-75520 Basic Principles A large number of different self-ligating bracket (SLB) systems are available on the market today. The properties of an individual system depend on the materials used for…

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Development of Self-Ligating Bracket Systems

Jul 7, 2020 by in Orthodontics Comments Off on Development of Self-Ligating Bracket Systems

10.1055/b-0034-75513 Development of Self-Ligating Bracket Systems The technique today uses metal or elastomeric ligatures to attach an archwire to a bracket. Ligating the archwire to the bracket slot in this…

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Archwires

Jul 7, 2020 by in Orthodontics Comments Off on Archwires

10.1055/b-0034-75517 Archwires Three metal alloys that are clinically relevant as archwire material are nickel–titanium, titanium–molybdenum alloy (TMA or beta-titanium), and stainless steel. Again, there is currently no standardized methodology for…

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Auxiliaries

Jul 7, 2020 by in Orthodontics Comments Off on Auxiliaries

10.1055/b-0034-75518 Auxiliaries Conventional brackets and archwires are not always able to achieve all the desired tooth movements, and auxiliaries are therefore often necessary in clinical practice. Modern bracket and archwire…

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Expectations and Reality

Jul 7, 2020 by in Orthodontics Comments Off on Expectations and Reality

10.1055/b-0034-75514 Expectations and Reality NOTE The most important advantages that self-ligating brackets are expected to provide are: Reduced friction Shorter overall treatment time Longer intervals between visits Reduced chairside time14…

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Phase 1 Therapy

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Phase 1 Therapy

10.1055/b-0034-56522 Phase 1 Therapy • Initial Treatment 2—Causal, Antimicrobial Therapy by the Dental Team Traditional, Non-surgical Pocket Treatment FMT—Pharmacologically Supported “Full Mouth Therapy” Actual Phase 1 therapy—the second component of…

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Periodontitis

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Periodontitis

10.1055/b-0034-56506 Periodontitis Periodontitis maintains its position as one of the most widespread diseases of mankind, but fortunately only ca. 5–10% of all cases are aggressive, rapidly-progressing forms (Ahrens & Bublitz…

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Oral Pathologic Alterations of Gingiva and Periodontium*

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Oral Pathologic Alterations of Gingiva and Periodontium*

10.1055/b-0034-56507 Oral Pathologic Alterations of Gingiva and Periodontium* As they traverse their clinical course, plaque-induced inflammatory gingival and periodontal diseases may be enhanced or co-initiated by hormonal disturbances and the…

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Initial Treatment 1—

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Initial Treatment 1—

10.1055/b-0034-56520 Initial Treatment 1— • Oral Hygiene by the Patient The patient’s oral hygiene (plaque control) remains today the primary supportive pillar of periodontal prophylaxis. It also supports treatment, and…

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Initial Treatment 1—

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Initial Treatment 1—

10.1055/b-0034-56521 Initial Treatment 1— • Creating Conditions that Enhance Oral Hygiene Tooth Cleaning—Supragingival Scaling Creation of Hygiene Capability Gingivitis Treatment Active professional treatment by the dentist or dental hygienist should…

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HIV Infection—AIDS

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on HIV Infection—AIDS

10.1055/b-0034-56508 HIV Infection—AIDS The immune deficiency disease AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is caused by the HIV virus 1, a retrovirus. It is a complex virus, whose RNA genome (8,700 bases)…

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Microbiology

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Microbiology

10.1055/b-0034-56498 Microbiology Bacteria are present throughout life in a myriad of sites on and in the human body. The bacteria may be beneficial for the host, or of no consequence…

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Data Collection—Diagnosis—Prognosis

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Data Collection—Diagnosis—Prognosis

10.1055/b-0034-56510 Data Collection—Diagnosis—Prognosis Before any therapy is undertaken, clinical and other relevant data must be collected, to serve as the basis for diagnosis and a preliminary prognosis. The clinician must…

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Gingival Recession

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Gingival Recession

10.1055/b-0034-56509 Gingival Recession Type VIII B 1 Recession of the marginal gingiva (classified as Type VIII B 1) may result from various etiologies, and can occur in various clinical manifestations,…

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Structural Biology

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Structural Biology

10.1055/b-0034-56496 Structural Biology “Structural biology” is a general term referring to the classical macromorphology and histology of tissues, as well as their function, including the biochemistry of the cells and…

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Medications

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Medications

10.1055/b-0034-56524 Medications Anti-microbial, Antibiotic, Anti-infective: Pharmacological Co-Treatment Host Factor Modulating Substances Anti-infectious Supportive Therapy—Antibiotics in Periodontitis Therapy The accumulation of bacteria upon the teeth represents the primary cause of gingivitis…

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Microbial Diagnosis—Test Methods

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Microbial Diagnosis—Test Methods

10.1055/b-0034-56512 Microbial Diagnosis—Test Methods Microbiologic tests for the type and amount of marker bacteria are indicated primarily in aggressive periodontitis, refractory forms and patients manifesting severe periodontitis in conjunction with…

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Furcation Involvement—Furcation Treatment

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Furcation Involvement—Furcation Treatment

10.1055/b-0034-56526 Furcation Involvement—Furcation Treatment Because of its often bizarre anatomy and morphology, the furcation has been called a locus minoris resistentiae (Schroeder and Scherle 1987), a “special case,” and a…

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FMT—“Full Mouth Therapy”

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on FMT—“Full Mouth Therapy”

10.1055/b-0034-56523 FMT—“Full Mouth Therapy” Non-surgical Therapy, plus … FMD—“Full Mouth Disinfection” “Full Mouth Disinfection”—FMD It is becoming more and more clear that purely mechanical, non-surgical periodontitis therapy can be greatly…

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