At-Home Tooth Whitening

Sep 10, 2016 by in General Dentistry Comments Off on At-Home Tooth Whitening

Fig. 6.1 Retracted view of a 28-year-old patient who bleached his maxillary teeth with 10 % carbamide peroxide gel (Opalescence 10 %, Ultradent Products, Inc.) in a custom-fitted tray overnight for 3…

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In-Office Whitening

Sep 10, 2016 by in General Dentistry Comments Off on In-Office Whitening

Fig. 7.1 The effect of rubber dam on lightness can be observed in these three photographs. (a) Patient’s smile before rubber dam isolation. (b) The rubber dam was placed in…

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Introduction to Tooth Whitening

Sep 10, 2016 by in General Dentistry Comments Off on Introduction to Tooth Whitening

Date Name Material used Discoloration 1799 Macintosh (Dwinelle 1850) Invented chloride of lime (called bleaching powder)   1848 Dwinelle (1850) Chloride of lime Nonvital teeth 1860 Truman (1889) Chloride and…

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Human Pulpal Responses to Peroxides

Sep 10, 2016 by in General Dentistry Comments Off on Human Pulpal Responses to Peroxides

Fig. 5.1 Patient subjected to a professional in-office tooth bleaching therapy, which can be esthetically regarded as a success. However, the patient reported postbleaching sensitivity in the anterior teeth (Images…

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Resin Infiltration After Enamel Etching

Sep 10, 2016 by in General Dentistry Comments Off on Resin Infiltration After Enamel Etching

Fig. 10.1 Schematic illustration of the origin of the whitish opaque appearance of initial caries and developmental defects. (a) Sound enamel is relatively translucent for visible light. Light beams (arrows)…

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Tooth Whitening: How Does It Work

Sep 10, 2016 by in General Dentistry Comments Off on Tooth Whitening: How Does It Work

This type of cleavage is favored by light and heat and forms free radicals. Heterolytic cleavage, which is a deprotonation reaction leaving an electron pair: This deprotonation occurs at increased…

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Overall Safety of Peroxides

Sep 10, 2016 by in General Dentistry Comments Off on Overall Safety of Peroxides

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016 Jorge Perdigão (ed.)Tooth Whitening10.1007/978-3-319-38849-6_3 3. Overall Safety of Peroxides Yiming Li1, 2   (1) Center for Dental Research, Loma Linda University School of Dentistry, 11175 Campus Street, Loma Linda, CA 92350,…

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