8 Eruption, Occlusion, and Wear

Dec 11, 2021 by in General Dentistry Comments Off on 8 Eruption, Occlusion, and Wear

Abstract Eruption is a lifelong activity, which begins with the emergence of a tooth from the alveolar bone, and then proceeds to the more gradual process, which keeps the tooth…

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11 Aging

Dec 11, 2021 by in General Dentistry Comments Off on 11 Aging

Abstract When treating any patient, but in particular, one who is elderly, it is necessary to consider the needs of the whole person. Management of the elderly requires more than…

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9 The Temporomandibular Joint

Dec 11, 2021 by in General Dentistry Comments Off on 9 The Temporomandibular Joint

Abstract During mastication, the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) transmits forces to the base of the skull similar in magnitude to those generated by the biting force. For this reason, the disk…

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7 The Physiology of Bone

Dec 11, 2021 by in General Dentistry Comments Off on 7 The Physiology of Bone

Abstract Bone has three main functions. Its earliest function, on an evolutionary scale, was to protect the brains of the first bony fish. It later developed in these bony fish…

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6 The Extracellular Matrix

Dec 11, 2021 by in General Dentistry Comments Off on 6 The Extracellular Matrix

Abstract Connective tissues are composed of cells and their surrounding extracellular matrix. They are derived from the mesenchymal component of the embryonic mesoderm. In spite of this common origin, there…

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4 The Ecology of the Oral Cavity

Dec 11, 2021 by in General Dentistry Comments Off on 4 The Ecology of the Oral Cavity

Abstract The oral cavity provides a variety of niche habitats for hundreds of species of oral bacteria. There are potential habitats on the teeth, tongue, or gingival sulcus and a…

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3 Oral Mucosa and Periodontium

Dec 11, 2021 by in General Dentistry Comments Off on 3 Oral Mucosa and Periodontium

Abstract Into this chapter are grouped the soft tissues of the mouth and the tooth-supporting tissues. The oral mucosa varies from the thin, fragile lining of the floor of the…

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2 Dental Hard Tissues

Dec 11, 2021 by in General Dentistry Comments Off on 2 Dental Hard Tissues

Abstract This chapter covers a wide range of topics in order to link the structure of a tooth with its vulnerability to bacteria and their products. The hard tissues of…

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1 The Origins of Teeth

Dec 11, 2021 by in General Dentistry Comments Off on 1 The Origins of Teeth

Abstract Mammalian teeth have evolved over many millions of years in response to the particular requirements of warm-blooded animals to catch and kill or graze and browse their food. Mammals…

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