Objective : To evaluate whether there is any remodeling of bone at infraorbital rim following maxillary distraction osteogenesis (DO) at Le Fort-I level.
Design : A total of 12 North Indian adult subjects in the age range of 17–21 years with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate underwent advancement of the maxilla by DO. The effect of maxillary DO on the infraorbital rim remodeling was evaluated from lateral cephalograms recorded prior to the DO (T0), at the end of DO (T1) and at least 2-years after the DO (T2) by Walker’s analysis. The ANOVA and 2-tailed t -test were used and probability value ( P -value) 0.05 was considered as statistically significant level.
Results : There was anterior movement of maxilla by 9.22 ± 3.27 mm and 7.67 ± 3.99 mm at the end of immediate (T1) and long-term (T2) follow-up of maxillary DO, respectively. The Walker’s analysis showed 1.49 ± 1.22 mm and 2.31 ± 1.81 mm anterior movement of the infraorbital margin (Orbitale point) at the end of T1 and T2, respectively ( P < 0.01). This apposition of bone at the infraorbital rim region further improved the facial profile of these patients.
Conclusion : The advancement of maxilla by distraction osteogenesis at Le Fort-I level induced significant bone apposition at infraorbital rim.