Background and objectives: Orbital fractures are considered as one of the most common midfacial fractures encountered in trauma centre. They could be isolated or invariably involved in the different patterns of maxillofacial fractures. The study is to provide a seven-year retrospective statistical analysis of orbital fractures in patients admitted and treated in two hospitals of Sharjah city; to determine etiology of fracture, pattern of fracture, most frequent complications associated with the fracture, type of treatment modality used, most frequent complications associated with the treatment and timing of surgery.
Methods: A retrospective study where the records of 199 patients were reviewed and information was gathered by a predesigned data form. The data was then computerized and statistical analysis was done using statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS) windows.
Results: RTAs were the leading cause of trauma (62.3%), female to male ratio was 1:8. The most common fracture was ZMC (52.3%) among complex and blowout (11.1%) among isolated orbital fractures. The most common trauma complication was hypoethesia (35.2%) while most common post surgical complication was diplopia (3%). Surgical open reduction was the most frequent treatment modality (58.8%) and mostly in an early timing of surgery (26.6%).
Conclusion: The study concluded that RTAs causes a great proportion of orbital fractures in Sharjah. Efforts should be increased regarding safety and preventive measures.
Key words: orbital fractures; maxillofacial trauma; open reduction