Dental caries remains a common disease worldwide. There is evidence indicating that many caries risk factors provide a gender bias, placing women at a higher caries risk. Generally, dental caries disproportionally affects the poor and racial or ethnic minorities worldwide, with women suffering more from the disease. Differences in access to care as reflected by untreated caries rates also reflect gender disparities. There is a lack of evidence in regard to gender differences and dental caries. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop the evidence necessary to meet the oral health needs of both women and men worldwide.
A gender gap created by biologic and cultural influences, including behavioral and dietary variations, places women at a disadvantage in oral health.
Cultural and social differences between men and women influence their oral health status by affecting their exposure to risk factors and shaping their access to protective factors and care.
The large biologic differences between men and women and their relationship to oral health have not been sufficiently studied.
There is a definite lack of evidence in regard to gender differences and dental caries. Therefore, there is a need to develop the evidence necessary to meet the oral health needs of both women and men.