Introduction: The number of adult patients with complete and partially edentulous which need rehabilitation with the use of dental implants is steel high. More stable and aesthetically satisfactory result, and early restoration of function can be achieved with a combination of a multi-stage surgery with rational prosthetic on dental implants. Deficit of the alveolar bone, caused by inflammatory degenerative process, traumatic injury, traumatic operations for malignancies of maxillofacial region, create problems for the dental implantation. The purpose of the study. The purpose of this study is using the distraction method, as a step in the rehabilitation of patients to create conditions for the further treatment on dental implants and prosthetics, to restore aesthetics, chewing function and speech.
Materials and methods: During the period from 2006 to 2012 110 patients with complete and partial edentulous of upper and lower jaws, with atrophy of the alveolar bone, were quared in our clinic. Planning of operations carried individually. Computer software, lithographic models, distraction devices and dental implants were used for planning surgical protocol.
Results: Successful rehabilitation of adult patients with complete and partially edentulous of maxilla and mandible complicated by deficit alveolar bone after surgical treatment of oral malignancies, traumatic injuries, chronic destructive inflammation was conducted. As one of the steps of rehabilitation of this patients was used the method of distraction osteogenesis.
Conclusion: Different methods of distraction were used to optimize the parameters of the alveolar part of the upper and lower jaws. Opportunities of distraction osteogenesis may provide a solution to the many problems associated with the duration of treatment, improving the quality of life.