14: Community Health and Research Principles

Community Health and Research Principles

QUESTIONS

Questions 1 through 5 refer to information in the following testlet.

1. Which of the following is the FIRST data collection method needed for this program?

2. Which of the following factors should be considered to determine the optimal level of water fluoridation for this community?

3. All of the following are important risk factors for development of dental caries in this population EXCEPT one. Which one is the EXCEPTION?

4. Which change in the DMFT scores would indicate the most successful outcome 5 years after implementation of the program?

5. The “e” in the index used to assess this population indicates teeth that are (Select all that apply.)

Questions 6 through 11 refer to information in the following testlet.

6. Which of the following would be the MOST effective intervention to implement to increase compliance with the dental referral?

7. Based on the results of the survey, which of the following health education theories would be the MOST appropriate to use as the foundation for an oral health education intervention to improve compliance with the dental referral?

8. Which of the following is a valid conclusion about the population from the results of the survey?

9. Which characteristic of public health is exemplified by the dental referral by the medical clinic?

10. The process of involving and activating members of the community in a meeting is an example of which theory of health promotion?

11. Lower-SES populations are identified as a high priority target populations in the United States because these populations are identified as having unmet oral health needs by the Surgeon General’s Report.

Questions 12 through 15 refer to information in the following testlet.

12. Which type of examination is used for the initial assessment of new residents?

13. Which of the following BEST describes the purpose for calibrating the second dental hygienist before the team conducts the annual examinations?

14. In this testlet, the initial assessment of oral hygiene status performed by the dental hygiene coordinator is comparable with which component of private practice?

15. Which of the following could be an effect of using a disclosant in the application of the O’Leary plaque index to measure plaque in this program? (Select all that apply.)

Questions 16 through 21 refer to information in the following testlet.

16. What term correctly describes the rate of disease that is constant in a population?

17. Which of the following programs would be MOST recommended to provide safe and cost effective caries prevention, in addition to the sealant program for this high caries risk population?

18. Which of the following are possible funding sources for this program? (Select all that apply.)

19. Which of the following is the MOST effective teaching strategy to evaluate learning for toothbrushing in the educational programs with these school children? (Select all that apply.)

20. A public health problem is a condition that is widespread and has an actual or potential cause of morbidity or mortality. Using this definition, the school system has a public health problem based on the high DMF scores of the school children.

21. If the DMF scores of the different SES groups are compared, which of the following would be the expected results?

Questions 22 through 25 refer to information in the following testlet.

22. Which of the following are the three characteristics that compose epidemiologic factors of disease? (Select all that apply.)

23. Which type of evaluation involves comparison of the pretest and posttest scores?

24. The primary role of the public health dental hygienist is to provide direct patient treatment. The dental hygienist’s role in this program is primarily coordination, training, and serving as a resource that fulfills the role of the public health hygienist.

25. Assessment data are collected from each pediatric patient to determine his or her dental experiences. Which of the following terms describes the children’s annual visits to a dentist or dental hygienist?

Questions 26 through 30 refer to information in the following testlet.

26. What level of prevention is addressed by this program?

27. Which of the following is an appropriate instructional objective for the Head Start teachers in this program?

28. Which of the following types of data is represented by the classification of treatment needs?

29. Which of the following is the MOST appropriate use of the data generated by the screening? Select the two that are most applicable.

30. Which of the following is the BEST fluoride program for this project?

Questions 31 through 34 refer to information in the following testlet.

31. Which of the following is the purpose of including personal oral care for the nurses’ aides?

32. Which of the following actions should occur next in this program?

33. Which of the following is the BEST program to implement after the nurse aides are trained in personal oral care?

34. Who is the responsible party to contact if the dental hygienist identifies possible oral cancer lesions during the intraoral screening?

Questions 35 through 40 refer to information in the following testlet.

35. For each variable in the study and listed below, select the MOST closely linked type of variable from the list provided.

Variable in the Study Type of Variable
___ 1. Age A. Dependent
___ 2. Compliance with periodontal maintenance B. Extraneous
___ 3. Gender C. Independent
___ 4. Instructions about the importance of periodontal maintenance D. Relevant and controlled
___ 5. Method of appointment scheduling
___ 6. Periodontal status

36. Which of the following is the purpose of giving the same verbal and written instructions about periodontal maintenance to all groups of patients?

37. The entire dental hygiene faculty in the dental hygiene clinic uses the same standardized design of periodontal probe at all times to measure clinical attachment loss to classify patients’ periodontal status and has calibrated with each other on the use of this probe. Select the two factors that are enhanced by using the same periodontal probe and calibration.

38. If the survey had been conducted on a sample of the population, which of the following would have been the BEST sampling method to use?

39. On the basis of the correlation coefficient, which of the following types of relationship was found between periodontal health and compliance with periodontal maintenance?

40. Which of the following is the BEST graphing technique to depict the compliance of both groups when the results are presented to the professional and administrative staff of the clinic?

Questions 41 through 45 refer to information in the following testlet.

41. Which of the following is the BEST group to target for an oral health in-service to continue ongoing oral health education after the program has been implemented?

42. All of the following are stakeholders of this program EXCEPT one. Which one is the EXCEPTION?

43. Which of the following is the BEST way to evaluate the outcomes of the sealant program?

44. Which of the following is the MOST culturally sensitive procedure to use during the presentation of an oral health education program for parents?

45. The program exemplifies all of the following recommendations of the National Call to Action to Promote Oral Health initiative EXCEPT one. Which one is the EXCEPTION?

Questions 46 through 49 refer to information in the following testlet.

46. The dmfs of this population indicates that the children suffer from early childhood caries. The dmfs is the appropriate index used for detection of early childhood caries.

47. After seeing the high levels of ECC in the children, the public health hygienist is motivated to organize a fluoridation campaign for this community. Which of the following would be the BEST first step?

48. What other index could be used to screen these children for dental caries in public health settings?

Jan 1, 2015 | Posted by in Dental Hygiene | Comments Off on 14: Community Health and Research Principles
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