Periodontitis

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Periodontitis

10.1055/b-0034-56506 Periodontitis Periodontitis maintains its position as one of the most widespread diseases of mankind, but fortunately only ca. 5–10% of all cases are aggressive, rapidly-progressing forms (Ahrens & Bublitz…

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Oral Pathologic Alterations of Gingiva and Periodontium*

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Oral Pathologic Alterations of Gingiva and Periodontium*

10.1055/b-0034-56507 Oral Pathologic Alterations of Gingiva and Periodontium* As they traverse their clinical course, plaque-induced inflammatory gingival and periodontal diseases may be enhanced or co-initiated by hormonal disturbances and the…

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HIV Infection—AIDS

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on HIV Infection—AIDS

10.1055/b-0034-56508 HIV Infection—AIDS The immune deficiency disease AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is caused by the HIV virus 1, a retrovirus. It is a complex virus, whose RNA genome (8,700 bases)…

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Data Collection—Diagnosis—Prognosis

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Data Collection—Diagnosis—Prognosis

10.1055/b-0034-56510 Data Collection—Diagnosis—Prognosis Before any therapy is undertaken, clinical and other relevant data must be collected, to serve as the basis for diagnosis and a preliminary prognosis. The clinician must…

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Gingival Recession

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Gingival Recession

10.1055/b-0034-56509 Gingival Recession Type VIII B 1 Recession of the marginal gingiva (classified as Type VIII B 1) may result from various etiologies, and can occur in various clinical manifestations,…

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Microbial Diagnosis—Test Methods

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Microbial Diagnosis—Test Methods

10.1055/b-0034-56512 Microbial Diagnosis—Test Methods Microbiologic tests for the type and amount of marker bacteria are indicated primarily in aggressive periodontitis, refractory forms and patients manifesting severe periodontitis in conjunction with…

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Tests of the Host Response—Risks

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Tests of the Host Response—Risks

10.1055/b-0034-56513 Tests of the Host Response—Risks Risk Factors Severity Factors Progression Factors All of the tests described thus far are based on clinical parameters and directly or indirectly on the…

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Gingivitis

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Gingivitis

10.1055/b-0034-56503 Gingivitis Plaque-induced Gingivitis, Gingivitis Simplex, Type I A 1 Gingivitis is ubiquitous. It is a bacterially-elicited inflammation (non-specific mixed infection) of the marginal gingiva (Löe et al. 1965). In…

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Ulcerative Gingivitis/Periodontitis

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Ulcerative Gingivitis/Periodontitis

10.1055/b-0034-56504 Ulcerative Gingivitis/Periodontitis NUG/P = Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis/Periodontitis, Types V A (NUG) and V B (NUP) Ulcerative gingivitis is usually an acute, painful, rapidly progressing inflammation of the gingiva, which…

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Hormonally Modulated Gingivitis

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Hormonally Modulated Gingivitis

10.1055/b-0034-56505 Hormonally Modulated Gingivitis Types I A 2 a Changes in the body’s hormonal balance generally do not cause gingival inflammation, but can increase the severity of an already existing…

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Additional Diagnosis—Tests

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Additional Diagnosis—Tests

10.1055/b-0034-56511 Additional Diagnosis—Tests Microbiologic Tests Tests of Host Response The classical clinical examination methods were presented in the previous pages (pp. 168–175). New tests have become available in recent years,…

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Types of Plaque-associated Periodontal Diseases

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Types of Plaque-associated Periodontal Diseases

10.1055/b-0034-56502 Types of Plaque-associated Periodontal Diseases Gingivitis—Periodontitis The general term “periodontal diseases” encompasses inflammatory as well as recessive alterations within the gingiva and the periodontium (Page & Schroeder 1982; AAP…

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