Oral surgery extraction instruments

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Oral surgery extraction instruments

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Straight elevator

Functions image

To loosen tooth from periodontal ligaments before extraction
To separate and lift tooth from socket

Characteristics image

Single ended
Range of sizes available

Practice note image

Straight Elevator is used on surgical extraction tray setups.

 

imageStraight Elevator must be cleaned, bagged individually or bagged/wrapped in a tray setup, and then sterilized. A chemical/steam indicator device should be included in the wrapping.

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Luxating elevator

Functions image

To cut periodontal ligaments before extraction
To rock tooth back and forth before extraction

Characteristics image

Single ended
Sharp blade on working end
Blade is serrated
Range of sizes available

Practice note image

Luxating Elevator is used on surgical extraction tray setups.

 

imageLuxating Elevator must be cleaned, bagged individually or bagged/wrapped in a tray setup, and then sterilized. A chemical/steam indicator device should be included in the wrapping.

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Periotomes

Functions image

To cut periodontal ligaments for atraumatic tooth extraction
To use when dental implant placement is indicated

Characteristics image

Thin, sharp blades—Cause minimal damage to periodontal ligaments and surrounding alveolar bone
Straight or angled blades
Single or double ended
Range of sizes available
Some manufacturers make replaceable tips

Practice note image

Periotomes are used on surgical extraction tray setups.

 

imagePeriotomes must be cleaned, bagged individually or bagged/wrapped in a tray setup, and then sterilized. A chemical/steam indicator device should be included in the wrapping.

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Root elevators

Functions image

To loosen root
To separate and lift root from socket
To use on posterior teeth

Characteristics image

Single ended
Right and left pairs
Range of sizes available

Example:

Cryer (commonly used type)

Practice note image

Root Elevators are used in surgical extraction tray setups.

 

imageRoot Elevators must be cleaned, bagged individually or bagged/wrapped in a tray setup, and then sterilized. A chemical/steam indicator device should be included in the wrapping.

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T-bar elevators

Functions image

To loosen tooth from periodontal ligaments before extraction
To separate tooth from alveolus
To use on posterior teeth

Characteristics image

Single ended
Rounded or pointed
Right or left pairs
T-Bar elevators are available with different style handles
Range of sizes available

Practice note image

T-Bar Elevators are used on surgical extraction tray setups.

 

imageT-Bar Elevators must be cleaned, bagged individually or bagged/wrapped in a tray setup, and then sterilized. A chemical/steam indicator device should be included in the wrapping.

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Root-tip elevators

Function image

To lift and remove fragments of root

Characteristics image

Single ended
Rounded or pointed
Working ends are serrated
Straight or right and left pairs

Practice note image

Root-Tip Elevators are used on surgical extraction tray setups.

 

imageRoot-Tip Elevators must be cleaned, bagged individually or bagged/wrapped in a tray setup, and then sterilized. A chemical/steam indicator device should be included in the wrapping.

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Root-tip picks

Function image

To lift and remove small root tips in difficult-to-reach areas

Characteristics image

Pointed at working end
Straight or right and left pairs

Practice note image

Root-Tip Picks are used on surgical extraction tray setups.

 

imageRoot-Tip Picks must be cleaned, bagged individually or bagged/wrapped in a tray setup, and then sterilized. A chemical/steam indicator device should be included in the wrapping.

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Rongeurs

Functions image

To trim and remove excess alveolar bone after extraction of teeth
To contour alveolar bone after single or multiple extractions

Characteristics image

Variety of sizes and angles
Beaks have cutting edges

Practice note image

Rongeurs used on surgical extraction tray setups.

 

imageRongeurs must be cleaned, bagged individually or bagged/wrapped in a tray setup, and then sterilized. A chemical/steam indicator device should be included in the wrapping. Hinged instruments should be processed open and unlocked.

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Feb 3, 2015 | Posted by in Dental Hygiene | Comments Off on Oral surgery extraction instruments
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