I.  Oral medicine

PART I

Oral medicine

Topic 1 Ulcerative, vesicular and bullous lesions

Long essays

1. Define vesicle. Write the pathogenesis, clinical features, investigations and management of primary herpetic infection. [NTRUHS Jan 2012]

2. Define ulcer. Classify ulcers of oral cavity. Write the clinical features and management of erythema multiforme. [RGUHS Mar 2004]

3. Classify vesiculobullous lesions. Write briefly about aetiology, clinical features and treatment of erythema multiforme. [RGUHS Aug 1993]

4. List the common viral infections that may involve the oral cavity. Discuss in detail the differential diagnosis of herpes simplex. [RGUHS Aug 1988]

5. Classify the ulcerative and vesiculobullous lesions of oral cavity. Describe in detail recurrent aphthous stomatitis. [RGUHS Mar 2000]

6. What are the bullous lesions of oral mucosa? Describe the clinical features, differential diagnosis and treatment of pemphigus vulgaris. [RGUHS Jun 1989]

7. Classify oral ulceration with a suitable example of each condition. Describe the clinical features and management of recurrent aphthous ulcers. [RGUHS Sep 2002, Mar 2005; TN Apr 1998]

8. What are the oral causes of halitosis? How are you going to treat a case of ANUG. [RGUHS Jan 1990]

9. Define an autoimmune disease and enumerate autoimmune diseases that have indirect and direct effects on the oral cavity. Give the clinical features and investigations of pemphigus vulgaris. [RGUHS Apr 2003, Sep 2003]

10. Classify ulcerative and vesiculobullous lesions of the oral cavity. Write in detail clinical features, diagnosis, investigations, differential diagnosis and treatment of herpetic gingivostomatitis. [TN Aug 2006]

11. Classify the vesiculobullous lesions. Write in detail about the aetiopathogenesis, clinical features, differential diagnosis, investigations and management of herpes infection. [TN Feb 2005]

12. Classify oral ulcers. Discuss the differential diagnosis of acute multiple ulcers of the oral cavity. [TN Apr 2003]

13. Enumerate the various bullous lesions and describe the aetiology, clinical features differential diagnosis and management of pemphigus. [TN Apr 1995]

14. Classify ulcerative lesions of oral mucosa and write the differential diagnosis of recurrent multiple ulcers. [TN Apr 1999]

15. Classify ulcerative and vesiculobullous lesions of oral cavity. Describe the aetiology, clinical features and treatment plan for recurrent aphthous stomatitis. [MUHS 2004, 1996, 2002; TN Nov 2001]

16. Classify oral ulcerations with a suitable example. Describe clinical features and management of recurrent aphthous ulcer. [TN Apr 1998]

17. Classify ulcerative and vesiculobullous lesions of oral cavity. Discuss in detail the aetiology, clinical features and management of erythema multiforme. [TN Oct 1996]

18. Classify vesiculobullous lesions. Write in detail about the aetiology, clinical features and management of pemphigus vulgaris. [Feb 2007 (OS)]

19. Classify vesiculobullous lesions of oral cavity and site in detail about erythema multiforme. [NTR Oct 1998]

20. Enumerable various vesiculobullous lesions of oral cavity. Describe erythema multiforme in detail. [NTR Apr 2001; RGUHS Aug 2007 (RS-2)]

21. Classify the vesiculobullous lesions of oral caving. Add a note on the management of oral mucous membrane pemphigoid. [NTR Mar 1991]

22. Classify vesiculobullous lesions. Discuss in detail aetiopathogenesis, clinical features and management of pemphigus vulgaris. [NTR Oct 2006]

23. Classify vesiculobullous lesions of the oral mucosa. Describe in detail the clinical picture and treatment of any one of the mucocutaneous ocular lesions. [BUHS May 1986]

24. Classify vesiculobullous lesions. Write briefly about aetiology, clinical features and treatment of erythema multiforme. [BUHS Aug 1993]

25. Define ulcer. Classify the ulcers of the oral cavity. Write the clinical features and management of erythema multiforme. [RGUHS Mar 2004]

26. What are the bullous lesions of oral mucosa? Describe the clinical features, differential diagnosis and treatment of pemphigus vulgaris. [BUHS Jun 1989]

27. Define an autoimmune disease and enumerate autoimmune disease that has indirect and direct effects on the oral cavity. Give the clinical features and investigations of pemphigus vulgaris. [RGUHS Sep 2003]

28. Discuss the differential diagnosis of multiple ulcers of oral mucosa. [NTR Apr 2000]

29. Classify ulcers of the oral mucosa. Discuss the differential diagnosis of recurrent multiple ulcer. [NTR Apr 2000]

30. Classify oral ulcerations with a suitable example of each condition. Describe clinical features and management of recurrent aphthous ulcer. [RGUHS Sep 1999, 2002, Mar 2005; TN Aug 2005]

31. Classify the ulcerative and vesiculobullous lesions of oral cavity. Describe in detail recurrent aphthous ulcers. [RGUHS Mar 2000]

32. Define ulcer. Classify ulcers of oral cavity. Write the clinical features and management of erythema multiforme. [RGUHS Mar 2004]

33. Classify ulcerative and vesiculobullous lesion of oral cavity and discuss the differential diagnosis between acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis and primary herpes simplex infection. Mention the treatment for both these conditions. [MUHS Jun 2004]

34. Classify ulcerative and vesiculobullous lesion of oral cavity. Describe the aetiology, clinical features and treatment plan for recurrent aphthous stomatitis. [MUHS 1996, 2002, Oct 2004]

35. Enumerate the various ulcerative and vesiculobullous lesion of oral cavity. Give the clinical features, differential diagnosis and treatment of pemphigus vulgaris. [MUHS 1986]

36. Enumerate the various vesiculobullous lesions of oral cavity. Give differential diagnosis of primary acute herpetic stomatitis, erythema multiforme and aphthous stomatitis. [MUHS 1987]

37. Enumerate the various vesiculobullous lesions of oral cavity. Discuss in detail the clinical features, differential diagnosis and treatment plan of primary herpes simplex infection. [MUHS 1993]

38. Enumerate ulcerative regions of oral cavity. Discuss in detail any two of them. [MUHS 1991]

39. Classify ulcerative and vesiculobullous lesions of the oral cavity. Give the differential diagnosis between acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivostomatitis and primary herpes infection and give treatment plan for each. [MUHS 2008]

40. Clinical features and management of erythema multiforme. [MUHS 2003]

41. Classify vesiculobullous lesions and discuss the aetiopathogenesis, clinical features and management of erythema multiforme. [RGUHS Jun/Jul 2010 (RS)]

42. Classify vesiculobullous and ulcerative lesion of oral cavity. Discuss in detail primary herpes simplex infection. [NTRUHS Mar 2009]

43. Enumerate the conditions which cause multiple ulcers in the oral cavity. Discuss in detail the aetiology, clinical features, investigations and management of erythema multiforme. [NTRUHS Oct 2007]

44. Classify vesiculobullous lesions of oral mucosa. Describe in detail the clinical picture and treatment of any one of the mucocutaneous ocular lesions. [RGUHS May 1986]

Short essays

1. Classification and treatment of recurrent aphthous stomatitis. [RGUHS Sep 2004]

2. Describe clinical features of ANUG. [RGUHS Mar 2000]

3. Give treatment plan for ANUG. [RGUHS Sep 2000, MUHS Oct 2004]

4. Give treatment plan for pemphigus vulgaris. [RGUHS Sep 2000]

5. Describe clinical features of Stevens–Johnson syndrome. [RGUHS Sep 2000]

6. Describe the differences of oral ulcer and oral wound. [RGUHS Sep 1992]

7. Investigations and management of primary herpetic gingivostomatitis. [RGUHS Apr 2003, Mar 2005]

8. Classify vesiculobullous lesions of oral cavity. [MUHS 2005]

9. Discuss in detail the clinical features, differential diagnosis and treatment of erythema multiforme. [MUHS 2005]

10. Clinical features of erythema multiforme. [MUHS Jun 2006]

11. Define vesicle and papule. Give two examples of each. [MUHS 2008]

12. Bell’s palsy. [RGUHS Aug (RS-2)]

13. Aphthous ulcer. [NTRUHS Oct 2007, Aug 2008]

14. Ulceration on the lower lip. [MUHS 1997]

15. Pemphigus vulgaris. [RGUHS Aug 2007 (RS); MUHS 1987, 1998, 2003]

16. Give the treatment plan for erosive lichen planus. [MUHS Oct 2002]

17. Recurrent aphthous stomatitis. [RGUHS Jun/Jul 2011 (RS2)]

18. Herpes zoster. [RGUHS Jun/Jul 2011 (RS)]

19. Herpetic gingivostomatitis. [RGUHS Jun/Jul 2010 (RS2), Dec 2011/Jan 2012]

20. Nikolsky’s sign. [RGUHS Jun/Jul 2010 (RS2)]

21. Examination of ulcer. [RGUHS Jun/Jul 2010 (RS2)]

22. Pemphigus. [RGUHS Dec 2011/Jan 2012]

23. Recurrent oral ulcers. [MUHS 1997]

24. Erythema multiforme. [MUHS 1891, 1996, 1994]

25. Aphthous ulceration. [MUHS 1989, 1991]

26. Recurrent aphthous stomatitis. [MUHS 1993, 1998]

27. Subepithelial dermatoses. [RGUHS Dec 2010 (RS2)]

Short notes

1. ANUG. [RGUHS Mar 1988, Jan 1989; NTRUHS Feb 2011]

2. Patch test. [RGUHS Mar 1988]

3. Tzanck test. [RGUHS Aug 2005; Jun/Jul 2011 (OS)]

4. Tzanck smear. [RGUHS Sep 2004]

5. Aphthous ulcer. [BUHS Jan 1989; RGUHS Jan 1989, Aug 2006 (OS); TN Apr 1995]

6. Target lesions. [RGUHS Sep 2001]

7. Lipschutz bodies. [RGUHS Sep 2002, Sep 2003]

8. Herpes zoster. [RGUHS May 1994]

9. Nikolsky’s sign. [RGUHS Mar 1988, Sep 2004, Mar 2005, 2006 (RS); NTRUHS Mar 2008]

10. Acute pemphigus. [RGUHS May 1986]

11. Pemphigus vulgaris. [RGUHS Mar 1988]

12. Erythema multiforme. [RGUHS Mar 1995]

13. Postherpetic neuralgia. [RGUHS Sep 2003; TN Apr 1998]

14. Gangrenous stomatitis. [RGUHS Sep 1992]

15. Treatment of gangrenous stomatitis. [RGUHS Jan 1990, Sep 1993]

16. Treatment of aphthous ulcer major. [RGUHS Jan 1990, Mar 1992]

17. Differences between herpes simplex and zoster. [RGUHS Sep 1992]

18. Oral manifestations of Stevens–Johnson syndrome. [RGUHS Feb 1993]

19. How will you manage a case of gangrenous stomatitis? [RGUHS Jul 1991]

20. Classify pemphigus and describe benign mucous membrane pemphigoid. [RGUHS Feb 1991]

21. Outline the clinical features of herpetic gingivitis and Vincent’s infection. [RGUHS Mar 1992]

22. Enumerate four differences between pemphigus vulgaris and benign mucous membrane pemphigoid. [RGUHS Apr 2003, Sep 2003]

23. Nikolsky’s sign. [NTR May 1994, Apr 1996]

24. Erythema multiforme. [NTR Oct 1997, 1999, 2001, Apr 2002; RGUHS Jul 2008 (RS)]

25. Stevens–Johnson syndrome. [NTR Apr 2000, 2004]

26. Investigations with the result of pemphigus vulgaris. [NTR Apr 2005]

27. How do you manage the pemphigus or pemphigoid? [NTR Jul 1990]

28. Describe the oral manifestations of pemphigus vulgaris. [NTR Jul 1989]

29. Describe briefly the classification and management of vesiculobullous lesions of the mouth. [NTR Feb 1990]

30. Oral manifestations of Stevens–Johnson syndrome. [BUHS Feb 1993]

31. Describe the clinical features of Stevens–Johnson syndrome. [RGUHS Sep 2000]

32. Give treatment plan for pemphigus vulgaris. [RGUHS Sep 2000]

33. Classify pemphigus and describe benign mucous pemphigoid. [BUHS Feb 1991]

34. Recurrent aphthous stomatitis. [NTR Oct 1997]

35. Management of recurrent aphthous ulcers. [NTR Oct 2004]

36. Describe the differences of oral ulcer and oral wound. [BUHS Sep 1992]

37. Classification and treatment of recurrent aphthous stomatitis. [RGUHS Sep 2004]

38. Enumerate the important differences between the herpetic stomatitis and aphthous stomatitis. [BUHS Feb 1990]

39. Tzanck test. [RGUHS Aug 2005]

40. Tzanck smear. [RGUHS Sep 2004]

41. Target lesions. [RGUHS Sep 2001]

42. Acute pemphigus. [BUHS May 1986]

43. Pemphigus vulgaris. [BUHS Mar 2002; Jul 2008 (RS2); TN Oct 1996]

44. Oral manifestations of Stevens–Johnson syndrome. [BUHS Feb 1993]

45. Laboratory findings of pemphigus vulgaris. [RGUHS Jun/Jul 2011 (RS2)]

46. Enumerate four differences between pemphigus vulgaris and benign mucous membrane pemphigoid. [RGUHS Apr 2003, Sep 2003]

47. Aphthous stomatitis. [TN Aug 2005]

48. Sarcoidosis. [RGUHS Jun/Jul 2010 (OS)]

49. Major aphthous ulcers. [RGUHS Aug 2006]

50. Treatment of aphthous ulcer major. [BUHS Jan 1990, Mar 1992]

51. Discoid lupus erythematosus. [Feb 2007 (OS)]

52. Ectodermal dysplasia. [TN Oct 1996, Aug 2004, 2005; NTRUHS Feb 2007 (OS)]

53. Various syndromes associated with erythema multiforme. [TN Apr 1996]

54. Differential diagnosis of vesiculobullous lesions of oral cavity. [TN Apr 1996]

55. Erosive lichen planus. [NTRUHS Aug 2008]

56. Erythema multiforme. [NTRUHS Aug 2008]

57. Psoriatic arthritis. [Feb 2007 (OS)]

58. Smoker’s palate. [RGUHS Jun/Jul 2011 (RS)]

59. Paterson–Kelly syndrome. [RGUHS Dec 2010 (RS2)]

60. Herpetic whitlow. [RGUHS Dec 2010 (RS2)]

61. Keratoacanthoma. [RGUHS Dec 2010 (RS2)]

Topic 2 Red and white lesions

Long essays

1. Describe clinical features of lichen planus in buccal mucosa. [RGUHS Mar 1988]

2. Describe the clinical features and differential diagnosis of oral lichen planus. [RGUHS Jan 1989]

3. Classify white lesions of the oral cavity. Describe the aetiology, clinical features and management of leukoplakia. [RGUHS Aug 2005]

4. Enumerate oral precancerous lesions and conditions. Describe clinical features and management of oral submucous fibrosis. [RGUHS Apr 2003]

5. Name some of the white lesions of oral mucosa. Describe the clinical features, differential diagnosis and treatment of leukoplakia of hard palate. [RGUHS Jun 1989, Mar 1994, 1995, Aug 1995]

6. What conditions may produce trismus. Describe in detail the predisposing factors, clinical features, treatment of oral submucous fibrosis. [RGUHS Jan 1989, Aug 1993, Sep 1994, 1996]

7. Classify oral white lesions. Write the clinical features, differential diagnosis and management of oral submucous fibrosis. [TN Feb 2005]

8. Write an essay on oral candidiasis. [TN Aug 2006]

9. Classify oral mucosal candidiasis. Write the aetiopathogenesis, clinical features investigations and management of chronic atrophic candidiasis. [TN Aug 2004]

10. Classify white lesions of the oral cavity. Describe the aetiology, clinical features, differential diagnosis, investigations and treatment of oral lichen planus. [TN Aug 2006]

11. Classify white lesions of the oral mucosa and describe the aetiology, clinical features, diagnosis and management of oral lichen planus. [TN Feb 2005; NTR Mar 2012]

12. Enumerate the various white lesions which can be scrapped. Describe the clinical features, differential diagnosis and treatment of candidiasis. [TN Aug 2004]

13. Classify and write briefly on the clinical features, investigations and treatment of oral candidiasis. [TN Oct 2003]

14. What are the keratinizing lesions of the oral cavity? Write about oral leukoplakia. [TN Apr 2001]

15. Classify red and white lesions of the oral mucosa. Describe in detail aetiology, clinical features and management of oral submucous fibrosis. [TN Oct 1999]

16. Classify white lesions of the oral mucosa and describe the aetiology, clinical features, diagnosis and management of acute atrophic candidiasis. [TN Apr 1995]

17. Classify oral white lesions, write about the clinical features, differential diagnosis and management of oral submucous fibrosis. [RGUHS Jul 2008 (RS)]

18. Classify white lesions. Discuss in detail the aetiopathogenesis, clinical features, diagnosis and management of oral submucous fibrosis. [RGUHS Jul 2008 (OS)]

19. Enumerate predisposing factors of candidiasis. Mention the various types and discuss in detail the treatment plan. [NTRUHS Aug 2008]

20. Classify candidiasis. Write in detail about the aetiology, clinical features and management of oral thrush. [RGUHS Feb 2007 (RS)]

21. Give the differential diagnosis of psoriasis. [NTR Jul 1989]

22. Enumerate the white lesions of the oral mucosa. Write about aetiology, clinical features, investigations and management of oral thrush. [NTR Apr 2000]

23. Classify white lesions of the oral cavity. Describe the aetiology, clinical features, diagnosis and management of lichen planus. [RGUHS Oct 1999; TN Feb 2007]

24. Classify white lesions of the oral cavity. Describe the aetiology, clinical features and management of leukoplakia. [RGUHS Aug 2005]

25. Name some of the white lesions of oral mucosa. Describe the clinical features, differential diagnosis and treatment of leukoplakia of hard palate. [BUHS Jun 1989, Mar 1994, 1995, Aug 1995]

26. Enumerate the ‘white lesions’ of the oral cavity. Describe leukoplakia in detail, giving differential diagnosis. [MUHS 1985]

27. Classify white lesions and give clinical features, laboratory diagnosis tests and treatment of oral candidal infection. [MUHS 1993, 1997]

28. Treatment of acute pseudomembranous moniliasis. [MUHS 1985]

29. Moniliasis. [MUHSH 1986]

30. Candidiasis. [MUHS 1987, 1990, 1993]

31. Treatment option for oral thrush. [MUHS 2003]

32. Define leukoplakia. Discuss the aetiopathogenesis, clinical features and treatment of oral leukoplakia. [RGUHS Aug 2007 (RS)]

33. Describe the clinical features and management of:

a. Oral leukoplakia

b. Oral submucous fibrosis. [NTR-GR Jul 1990; TN Apr 2004]

34. Classify the red and white lesions of the oral cavity. Describe in detail the aetiology, clinical features, treatment plan and prognosis of submucous fibrosis. [MUHS Oct 2002, May 2007]

35. Discuss in detail the clinical features, differential diagnosis and treatment of erythema multiforme. [MUHS May 2005]

36. Classify oral candidiasis. Describe the aetiology, clinical features, differential diagnosis and management of oral thrush. [MUHS Jun 2006]

37. Classify ulcerative and vesiculobullous lesions of the oral cavity. Give the differential diagnosis between acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivostomatitis and primary herpes infection and give treatment plan for each. [MUHS May/Jun 2008]

38. Classify candidal lesions of the oral mucosa. Write in detail the clinical features, lab diagnosis and management of oral candidiasis. [RGUHS Jun/Jul 2011 (RS)]

39. Classify white lesions and discuss in detail about the clinical features and management of leukoplakia. [RGUHS Jun/Jul 2011 (OS)]

40. Classify white lesions. Describe in detail the aetiology, classification, clinical features and management of leukoplakia [RGUHS Jun/Jul 2010 (RS2)]

41. Define premalignant lesions and conditions. Describe oral lichen planus in detail.[RGUHS Dec 2010 (RS2)]

42. Define oral precancerous lesions and conditions. Discuss in detail the clinical features and management of oral submucous fibrosis. [RGUHS Dec 2010 (RS)]

Short essays

1. Predisposing factors of candidiasis. [RGUHS Apr 2000]

2. Smear examination for Candida albicans. [RGUHS Sep 2001]

3. Pathogenesis and management of oral leukoplakia. [RGUHS Mar 2004]

4. Investigation and management of oral candidiasis. [RGUHS Sep 2002]

5. Aetiology and management of oral submucous fibrosis. [RGUHS Sep 2004]

6. Mention the predisposing factors of candidiasis. [MUHS Oct 2002]

7. Leukoplakia. [RGUHS Aug 2007 (RS-2); TN Aug 2004, Apr 1998; MUHS Jun 2006; RGUHS Jun/Jul 2010 (RS); NTRUHS Mar 2008]

8. Lichenoid reactions. [MUHS Nov 2006; RGUHS Jun/Jul 2011 (RS2)]

9. Discoid lupus erythematosus. [RGUHS Feb 2007 (RS)]

10. Lupus erythematosus. [RGUHS Jan 2008 (OS)]

11. Mention the treatment plan for submucous fibrosis. [MUHS May 2002]

12. Classify red and white lesions. Describe in detail oral submucous fibrosis. [MUHS Oct 2003]

13. Define leukoplakia. [MUHS May 2005]

14. Treatment of candidiasis. [MUHS May 2005]

15. Predisposing factors of moniliasis. [MUHS Jun 2006]

16. Management of oral lichen planus. [MUHS May 2007; NTRUHS Aug 2009]

17. Define vesicle and papule. Give two examples of each. [MUHS May/Jun 2008]

18. Erythroplakia. [RGUHS Jun/Jul 2010 (RS2)]

19. Oral thrush. [RGUHS Jun/Jul 2010 (RS)]

20. Oral hairy leukoplakia. [NTRUHS Jul 2011]

21. White spongy naevus. [NTRUHS Mar 2009]

22. Behcet’s syndrome. [NTRUHS Mar 2008]

Short notes

1. Moniliasis. [RGUHS Dec 1986, Feb 1993]

2. Auspitz’s sign. [RGUHS Sep 2003, Aug 2005]

3. White spongy naevus. [RGUHS Feb 1991, Mar 2006 (RS)]

4. Erosive lichen planus. [RGUHS Mar 2005]

5. Grinspan’s syndrome. [RGUHS Mar 1994; TN Apr 2001]

6. Chronic atrophic candidiasis. [RGUHS Sep 1994]

7. Treatment of monilial granuloma. [RGUHS May 1986]

8. Lichen planus in buccal mucosa. [RGUHS Mar 1988]

9. Treatment of oral submucous fibrosis. [RGUHS Jan 1990]

10. Clinical features of erosive lichen planus. [RGUHS Apr 2003]

11. Enumerate the white lesions of oral cavity. [RGUHS Apr 1987]

12. Oral manifestations of oral submucous fibrosis. [RGUHS May 1986]

13. Outline four differences between leukoplakia and lichen planus. [RGUHS Sep 2004]

14. White sponge naevus. [NTR Apr 1997]

15. Thrush. [NTR Oct 1997, Apr 1999]

16. Atrophic candidiasis. [NTR Oct 1999]

17. Describe the clinical features and management of oral moniliasis. [NTR Jul 1990]

18. Enumerate the important differences between the Auspitz’s sign and Tzanck test. [NTR Feb 1990]

19. Enumerate the white lesions of oral cavity. [BUHS Apr 1987]

20. Describe the white lesions of the oral cavity. [BUHS Dec 1986]

21. Predisposing factors of candidiasis. [RGUHS Apr 2000]

22. Smear examination for Candida albicans. [RGUHS Sep 2001]

23. Investigation and management of oral candidiasis. [RGUHS Sep 2002]

24. Describe clinical features and management of denture sore mouth. [RGUHS Sep 2000]

25. Candidiasis. [NTR Apr 2006; TN Oct 1998; NTRUHS Oct 2007]

26. Auspitz’s sign. [NTR Apr 2002]

27. White spongy naevus. [NTR Apr 2004]

28. Id reaction. [RGUHS Mar 2006]

29. Moniliasis. [BUHS Dec 1986, Feb 1993; RGUHS Jun/Jul 2011 (RS)]

30. Monilial granuloma. [BUHS May 1986]

31. Types of oral candidiasis. [RGUHS Aug 2006 (OS)]

32. Chronic atrophic candidiasis. [BUHS Sep 1994]

33. Treatment of monilial granuloma. [BUHS May 1986]

34. Oral hairy leukoplakia. [RGUHS Aug 2007 (RS); TN 1997, Oct 2003]

35. Treatment of oral lichen planus. [TN Sep 2002, Feb 2005; RGUHS Jul 2008 (RS)]

36. Erythema multiforme. [TN Nov 2001, Oct 2003, Apr 2004, Feb 2005, Aug 2005]

37. Oral thrush. [TN Apr 2003, Feb 2006; RGUHS Jun/Jul 2011 (OS)]

38. Investigations of oral candidiasis. [TN Feb 2007]

39. Ectodermal dysplasia. [TN Oct 1997, Aug 2005]

40. Management of lichen planus. [TN Oct 1999, Apr 2004]

41. SLE (systemic lupus erythematosus). [TN Aug 2005]

42. Behcet’s syndrome. [TN Sep 2002]

43. Lichen rubber planus. [TN Apr 1995, Feb 2005]

44. Management of oral candidiasis. [TN Apr 2001]

45. Stevens–Johnson syndrome. [TN Oct 2000]

46. Treatment plan of erosive lichen planus. [TN Nov 2001]

47. Leukodema. [TN Oct 1998, Aug 2004]

48. Hairy leukoplakia. [TN Oct 1996, Oct 1997; RGUHS Jan 2008 (RS)]

49. Lichen planus. [Mar 2006 (OS)]

50. Target lesions. [Jul 2008 (RS2)]

51. Id reaction. [Mar 2006 (RS)]

52. Sturge–Weber syndrome. [Mar 2006 (RS)]

53. Lichenoid reaction. [Mar 2006 (RS); RGUHS Jun/Jul 2010 (OS)]

54. Mucous membrane pemphigoid. [RGUHS Jan 2008 (RS2)]

55. Classify oral candidiasis. [NTRUHS Jul 2011]

56. Leukoplakia. [NTRUHS Oct 2007; RGUHS Dec 2010 (OS)]

57. Stomatitis venenata. [NTRUHS Oct 2007]

58. Mucous patches. [NTRUHS Jan 2012]

59. Cancrum oris. [RGUHS Dec 2011/Jan 2012]

60. Erythroplakia. [RGUHS Dec 2011/Jan 2012]

Topic 3 Pigmentation of the oral tissues

Long essays

1. General and oral manifestations of bismuthism. [RGUHS Apr 2003, Mar 2005]

2. Discuss the conditions which cause pigmentations of the oral mucosa. [RGUHS Aug 2007 (RS)]

3. Discuss the differential diagnosis of oral mucosal pigmentation. [NTR Apr 1998]

4. What are the causes of pigmentation of oral mucosa? [RGUHS Mar 1999]

5. ‘Pigmentation in oral structure’ diagnostic clue to diagnose systemic diseases. Discuss. [RGUHS Sep 2001]

6. Enumerate the various causes of pigmentation of the oral cavity. Discuss in detail endogenous pigmentation. [MUHS 1986]

7. Enumerate the various factors that cause endogenous pigmentation of the oral tissues. Describe in detail the oral manifestations of bismuth, lead and mercury intoxication. [MUHS 1985]

8. Discuss in detail the diseases causing oral pigmentation. [RGUHS Jun/Jul 2010 (OS)]

9. Classify orofacial pigmentation. Describe various type of endogenous pigmentation. [RGUHS Dec 2011/Jan 2012]

Short essays

1. Classification and clinical significance of endogenous pigmentation. [RGUHS Aug 2007 (OS)]

2. Enumerate diseases with café-au-lait pigmentation. [RGUHS Jun/Jul 2011 (RS2)]

3. Different diagnosis of oral pigmentation. [RGUHS Jun/Jul 2010 (RS)]

4. Oral mucosal pigmentations. [NTR Mar 2012]

Short notes

1. Endogenous pigmentation. [NTR Apr 2006; MUHS Nov 2006]

2. Oral mucosal pigmentations. [NTR Apr 2000; TN Aug 2004, 2005]

3. Intrinsic stains and extrinsic stains. [NTR Feb 1990]

4. Pigmented lesions of orofacial pain. [NTR Oct 2004]

5. General and oral manifestations of bismuthism. [RGUHS Apr 2003, Mar 2005]

6. In Addison’s disease there is deposition of which pigment. [MUHS May 2005]

7. Endocrinopathic pigmentation. [MUHS 2006]

8. Cafe-au-lait spots. [TN Aug 2006; RGUHS Jun/Jul 2010 (RS)]

9. Filters. [TN Oct 2003]

10. Discolouration of teeth. [RGUHS Feb 2007 (RS)]

11. Exogenous pigmentation of oral cavity. [RGUHS Jun/Jul 2011 (RS)]

12. Albright’s syndrome. [RGUHS Dec 2010 (OS)]

13. Café-au-lait spots. [NTR Mar 2012]

Topic 4 Benign tumours of the oral cavity including gingival enlargements

Long essays

1. Give differential diagnosis of growth in gingiva. [RGUHS Sep 1992]

2. Give differential diagnosis of desquamation of gingiva. [RGUHS Sep 1993]

3. Describe the aetiology, clinical features, radiological and histological features of ameloblastoma. [RGUHS Jul 1992]

4. What are the premalignant lesions of the oral cavity? What precautions should be taken in the prevention of oral malignancies? [RGUHS Aug 1988]

5. Write briefly histopathology of:

a. Adenomatoid odontogenic tumour

b. Pleomorphic adenoma. [RGUHS Jul 1990]

6. Classify the cysts of the jaws. Write in detail about ameloblastoma. [TN Apr 2004]

7. Classify the cysts of the jaws. Write in detail about the aetiopathogenesis, clinical features, investigations, management and prognosis of ameloblastoma. [TN Aug 2005]

8. Classify the cysts of the jaws. Describe the clinical and radiographic features of ‘dental cysts’. [TN Nov 2001]

9. Discuss differential diagnosis of the swelling at the angle of mandible along with diagnostic aids. [TN Oct 1996]

10. Give the differences between benign and malignant tumours. Describe the clinical and radiographic features of a squamous cell carcinoma. [Jul 2008 (RS2)]

11. Give differential diagnosis of growth in gingiva. [BUHS Sep 1992]

12. Give differential diagnosis of desquamation of gingiva. [BUHS Sep 1993]

13. What are the oral causes of halitosis? How are you going to treat a case of ANUG? [BUHS Jan 1990]

14. Enumerate the conditions which produce multiple ulcers in the oral cavity. Describe the clinical features, investigations and management of acute herpetic gingivostomatitis. [RGUHS Mar 2002]

15. Enumerate the clinical features and radiological features of

a. Fibrous dysplasia

b. Radiopaque lesions of the jawbone

c. Chronic osteomyelitis at the angle of the mandible. [Feb 1990 NTR-GR]

16. What are the aetiological factors of osteomyelitis of mandible? [RGUHS Oct 1999]

17. Define osteomyelitis. Describe various types, aetiology, clinical features, diagnosis and management of osteomyelitis of mandible. [BUHS Mar 1995]

18. Classify osteomyelitis. Write in detail about the aetiology, clinical features, radiographic features and management of chronic suppurative osteomyelitis. [RGUHS Mar 2006]

19. Define osteomyelitis. Describe the various types, aetiology, clinical features, diagnosis and management of osteomyelitis of mandible. [BUHS Mar1988]

20. Describe the aetiological factors of osteomyelitis of mandible. Describe the clinical features and management of actinomycosis of jaws. [BUHS Jun 1989]

21. Describe the aetiology, clinical features, radiological and histological features of ameloblastoma. [BUHS Jul 1992]

22. Enumerate the benign tumours of the jaws and describe in detail ameloblastoma. [RGUHS Mar 2000]

23. Classify cysts of the jaws and describe in detail:

a. Dentigerous cyst

b. Primodial cyst [MUHS 1996]

24. Name the nonodontogenic cysts of jaw bones. Discuss any one of them in detail. [MUHS 1990]

25. Classify the cysts of the jaws and discuss in detail the odontogenic keratocyst. [MUHS 1992]

Short essays

1. Primodial cyst. [MUHS 1989]

2. Differential diagnosis between periapical cysts and periapical abscess. [MUHS 1998]

3. Multilocular lesions. [MUHS 1997]

4. Differentiate between radicular cyst and maxillary sinus. [MUHS 2003]

5. Differential diagnosis between periapical cyst with maxillary molar and maxillary sinus. [MUHS 2003]

6. Enumerate various benign tumours affecting the oral cavity. Describe in detail ameloblastoma. [MUHS 1990]

7. Enumerate the benign tumours of the oral cavity; describe the clinical features, radiographic appearance and differential diagnosis of ameloblastoma. [MUHS Oct 2008; May–Jun 2008]

8. Classify vesiculobullous lesions of oral cavity. Describe ANUG in detail. [MUHS 2005]

9. Give the differential diagnosis of conditions that cause gingival enlargement. [MUHS 1986]

10. Discuss the differential diagnosis of gingival enlargement. [MUHS 1987]

11. Enumerate the various causes of gingival enlargement. Discuss differential diagnosis of inflammatory and noninflammatory gingival enlargement. [MUHS 1988]

12. What are the causes of bleeding from the gums? Discuss in detail ‘acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivostomatitis’. [MUHS 1990]

13. Classify gingival enlargements and discuss in detail the inflammatory gingival enlargement of systemic background. [MUHS 1993]

14. Enumerate the local and systemic causes of gingival enlargement. Describe the clinical features and oral changes seen in leukaemia and scurvy. [MUHS Jun 2006]

15. Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivostomatitis (ANUG). [MUHS 1987, 2000]

16. Gingival bleeding. [MUHS 1996]

17. Treatment plan of ANUG. [MUHS 1989, 1993, 1994]

18. Differential diagnosis between ANUG and primary herpes simplex lesions. [MUHS 1998]

19. Differential diagnosis between leukaemic and Dilantin gingival enlargement. [MUHS 2002]

20. Leukaemic gingival enlargement. [MUHS 2003]

21. Fibrous dysplasia. [MUHS 1991, 1997]

22. Paget’s disease. [MUHS 1991]

23. Periapical cementifying dysplasia. [MUHS 1992, 1993]

24. Differential diagnosis between condensing osteitis and diffuse sclerosing osteomyelitis. [MUHS 2002]

25. Differential diagnosis between cementifying dysplasia (Id stage) and condensing osteitis. [MUHS 2003]

26. Enumerate the fibro-osseous lesions that involve the jaws. Discuss the aetiology, pathogenesis and clinical features of Paget’s disease. Add a note on its complications. [TN Apr 1998]

27. Describe the clinical features, differential diagnosis and treatment plan of acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivostomatitis. [NTRUHS Mar 2008]

Short notes

1. Treatment of Dilantin gingival enlargement. [RGUHS Jan 1989]

2. Name four drugs causing gingival enlargement. [RGUHS Apr 2003]

3. Cementoma. [RGUHS Mar 1992]

4. Nasopalatine cyst. [RGUHS Mar 1994]

5. Multilocular cyst. [RGUHS Sep 2001]

6. Periapical cemental dysplasia. [RGUHS Jul 1990]

7. Café-au-lait spots. [RGUHS Sep 2001, 2002]

8. Carcinoma in situ. [RGUHS Sep 2004, Mar 2005]

9. Torus mandibularis. [RGUHS Jul 1990]

10. Ameloblastoma in mandible. [RGUHS Feb 1993]

11. Biochemical investigations of Paget’s disease. [RGUHS Sep 2001]

12. ANUG. [NTR-QR Nov 1999; NTRUHS Feb 2011]

13. Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis. [NTR-NR Apr 2000]3

14. Pregnancy tumour and gingivitis. [NTR-QR May 1994]

15. Herpetic gingivostomatitis. [NTR-NR Oct 2006]

16. Clinical features of acute herpetic gingivostomatitis. [NTR-NR Oct 2004]

17. Vincent’s infection (trench mouth). [BUHS Sep 1994, RGUHS Sep 1998]

18. Describe the clinical features of ANUG. [RGUHS Mar 2000]

19. Describe the treatment plan for ANUG. [RGUHS Sep 2000]

20. Name the drugs causing gingival enlargement. [RGUHS Apr 2003]

21. Treatment of Dilantin gingival hyperplasia. [BUHS Jan 1989]

22. Investigations and management of primary herpetic gingivostomatitis. [RGUHS Apr 2003, RGUHS Mar 2005]

23. Cherubism. [NTR-QR May 1993]

24. Fibrous dysplasia. [NTR-QR Apr 1996, NTR-QR Apr 2001; RGUHS Dec 2011/Jan 2012]

25. Describe the radiographic features of fibrous dysplasia. [NTR-QR Jul 1989]

26. Garre’s osteomyelitis. [NTR-QR Apr 2001]

27. Condensing osteitis. [NTR-QR May 1993]

28. Osteoradionecrosis. [NTR-QR Mar 1991, NTR-QR May 1994, NTR-QR Oct 1999]

29. Describe the role of osteoradionecrosis in intraoral anaesthesia. [NTR-QR Mar 1991]

30. Osteosarcoma. [RGUHS Mar 2006]

31. Clinical features and radiographic appearance of osteosarcoma. [RGUHS Sep 2002]

32. Types of osteomyelitis and their features. [RGUHS Aug 2005]

33. Describe the radiographic appearance of chronic osteomyelitis. [RGUHS Mar 2000]

34. Describe the radiographic appearance of acute and chronic osteomyelitis. [BUHS Jan 1989]

35. Pathogenesis and management of osteoradionecrosis. [RGUHS Sep 2003]

36. Dentigerous cyst. [NTR-OR May 1993, 1994; TN Apr 1995, 1996, 1998]

37. Radiographic appearance of ameloblastoma. [NTR-GR Oct 1998]

38. Describe the radiographic features of ameloblastoma. [NTR-OR Jul 1989]

39. Odontogenic keratocyst. [NTR-GR May 1993, Apr 1998]

40. Radiographic appearance of odontogenic keratocyst. [NTR-NR Oct 2004]

41. Describe radiographic appearance of dentigerous cyst. [RGUHS Mar 2000]

42. Describe radiographic features of cementoma and hypercementosis. [BUHS Jan 1989]

43. Write briefly histopathology of:

a. Adenomatoid odontogenic tumour

b. Pleomorphic adenoma. [BUHS Jul 1990]

44. Myxoma. [NTR-GR May 1994]

45. Pleomorphic adenoma of palate. [NTR-GR Apr 1995]

46. Ossifying fibroma—clinical features. [NTR-NR Apr 2002]

47. Describe the radiographic features of myxoma. [NTR-GR Jul1989]

48. Carcinoma in situ of buccal mucosa. [RGUHS Apr 1987]

49. Enumerate periapical lesions. [MUHS 2004]

50. Mention any four causes of generalized gingival enlargement. [MUHS 2002]

51. Name two drugs causing gingival enlargement. [MUHS 2003]

52. Give the treatment plan of ANUG. [MUHS 2004]

53. ANUG. [NTR-NR Apr 2006]

54. Cancrum oris. [NTR-NR Oct 2002]

55. Gingival hyperplasia. [NTR-NR Apr 2006; TN Aug 2005]

56. Desquamative gingivitis. [RGUHS Mar 2006]

57. Gangrenous stomatitis. [BUHS Sep 1992]

58. Treatment of gangrenous stomatitis. [BUHS Jan 1990, Sep 1993]

59. How will you manage a case of gangrenous stomatitis? [BUHS Jul 1991]

60. Why hydrogen peroxide mouthwash is given in ANUG? [RGUHS Mar 2000]

61. How will you investigate herpetic gingivostomatitis? [BUHS Feb 1996]

62. Outline the clinical features of herpetic gingivitis and Vincent’s infection. [BUHS Mar 1992]

63. Write briefly the osteomyelitis of mandible. [NTR-NR Jul 1990]

64. Radiographic appearance of Paget’s disease. [NTR-NR Oct 2002]

65. Radiographic appearance of fibrous dysplasia. [NTR-NR Apr 2006; TN Feb 2006]

66. Cafe-au-lait spots. [RGUHS Mar 2001, Sep 2002]

67. Biochemical investigations of Paget’s diseases. [RGUHS Sep 2001]

68. Radiographic appearance of osteogenic sarcoma. [RGUHS Sep 2006]

69. Explain why sequestrum appears more radiopaque than adjacent bone. [RGUHS Sep 2000]

70. Radiographic appearance of periapical cemental dysplasia. [NTR-NR Apr 2005]

71. Cementoma. [BUHS Mar 1992]

72. Multilocular cyst. [RGUHS Sep 2001]

73. Nasopalatine cyst. [BUHS Mar 1994]

74. Ameloblastoma in mandible. [BUHS Feb 1993]

75. Periapical cemental dysplasia. [BUHS Jul 1990; TN Apr 1995, Sep 2002, Apr 2004]

76. Describe radiographic appearance and clinical features of cementoma. [BUHS Mar 1992]

77. Describe radiographic appearance of periapical cementoma. [RGUHS Mar 2000]

78. Fibroma. [RGUHS Mar 2006 (OS); TN Apr 2001, Feb 2005]

79. Torus mandibularis. [BUHS Jul 1990]

80. Cherubism. [RGUHS Aug 2006 (RS)]

81. Ossifying fibroma. [RGUHS Aug 2007 (RS-2); TN Apr 1998]

82. Albright’s syndrome. [TN Feb 2006; RGUHS Feb 2007 (RS), 2011 (OS)]

83. Giant cell granuloma. [TN Feb 2006]

84. Paget’s disease. [TN Apr 2004, Aug 2004]

85. Epulis. [TN Apr 2004]

86. Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia. [TN Apr 2004]

87. Amelogenesis imperfecta. [TN Apr 2001]

88. Pyogenic granuloma. [TN 1996, Oct 1997, Apr 2000]

89. Multiple myeloma. [TN Apr 2000]

90. Infectious mononucleosis. [TN Apr 1995]

91. Fissural cysts. [TN Oct 1997]

92. Nonodontogenic cysts of the jaws. [TN Apr 1996]

93. Radiographic appearance of reparative granuloma. [TN Apr 1996]

94. Drug-induced gingival hyperplasia. [RGUHS Jul 2008 (RS)]

95. Periapical granuloma. [RGUHS Jul 2008 (OS)]

96. Multiple myeloma. [NTRUHS Aug 2008]

97. Pyogenic granuloma. [NTRUHS Aug 2008]

98. Median mandibular cyst. [Jul 2008 (RS2)]

99. Fibromatosis gingivae. [Feb 2007 (OS)]

100. Adenomatoid odontogenic tumour. [Feb 2007 (OS)]

101. Residual cyst. [Mar 2006 (RS)]

102. Von Recklinghausen’s disease. [RGUHS Feb 2007 (RS)]

103. Giant cell. [RGUHS Feb 2007 (RS)]

104. Cherubism. [RGUHS Aug 2007 (RS), Jan 2008 (RS)]

105. Cleidocranial dysplasia. [RGUHS Jan 2008 (OS)]

106. Lipoma. [RGUHS Aug 2007 (RS)]

107. Pyogenic granuloma. [MUHS Nov 2006]

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Apr 11, 2016 | Posted by in Orthodontics | Comments Off on I.  Oral medicine
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