Dental Hygiene

Systemic Pre-Phase

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Systemic Pre-Phase

10.1055/b-0034-56517 Systemic Pre-Phase Systemic Problems Systemic Risks The purpose of the systemic pre-phase is to protect both the patient and the clinician by ascertaining any general systemic risks associated with…

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Dental Implants—Implant Therapy

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Dental Implants—Implant Therapy

10.1055/b-0034-56528 Dental Implants—Implant Therapy Natural Teeth or Dental Implants for the Treated Periodontitis Patient? The increasing significance of dental implant therapy, also in periodontics, is no longer news (Nevins &…

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Classification of Periodontal Diseases

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Classification of Periodontal Diseases

10.1055/b-0034-56530 Classification of Periodontal Diseases Most Recent Re-Classification of Periodontal Diseases (1999) As demonstrated in the chapter “Forms of Plaque-associated Diseases” (p. 79), new scientific and clinical findings, accumulating long-term…

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Periodontal Wound Healing

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Periodontal Wound Healing

10.1055/b-0034-56516 Periodontal Wound Healing Repair → Reattachment → “New Attachment” → Regeneration → Prevention Periodontal wound healing follows the well-acknowledged biological principles (Clark 1996, Fig. 447), but it is also…

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Indices

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Indices

10.1055/b-0034-56500 Indices The inflammatory diseases of gingiva and periodontium, as well as their symptoms and the etiologic agents of these conditions (microbial plaque/biofilm) can be assessed clinically using qualitative and/or…

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Geriatric Periodontology?—The Periodontium in the Elderly

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Geriatric Periodontology?—The Periodontium in the Elderly

10.1055/b-0034-56529 Geriatric Periodontology?—The Periodontium in the Elderly Different Circumstances—Modified Concepts of Treatment The percentage of elderly individuals within the entire population continues to increase, but differences exist between the “Third…

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Hormonally Modulated Gingivitis

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Hormonally Modulated Gingivitis

10.1055/b-0034-56505 Hormonally Modulated Gingivitis Types I A 2 a Changes in the body’s hormonal balance generally do not cause gingival inflammation, but can increase the severity of an already existing…

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Treatment of Inflammatory Periodontal Diseases – Introduction

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Treatment of Inflammatory Periodontal Diseases – Introduction

10.1055/b-0034-56515 Treatment of Inflammatory Periodontal Diseases – Introduction Gingivitis Periodontitis Gingivitis and periodontitis are elicited primarily by bacteria. As a consequence, the treatment must have a primarily anti-infectious nature. Reduction…

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Phase 1 Therapy

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Phase 1 Therapy

10.1055/b-0034-56519 Phase 1 Therapy Causal, Antimicrobial, Non-surgical Therapy Primary prevention—the early prevention of disease—is initially the responsibility of parents. Using simple, non-traumatic tooth brushing methods, the small child is gently…

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Additional Diagnosis—Tests

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Additional Diagnosis—Tests

10.1055/b-0034-56511 Additional Diagnosis—Tests Microbiologic Tests Tests of Host Response The classical clinical examination methods were presented in the previous pages (pp. 168–175). New tests have become available in recent years,…

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Introduction

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Introduction

10.1055/b-0034-56495 Introduction “Periodontology” is the study of the tooth-supporting tissues, the “periodontium.” The periodontium is made up of those tissues that surround each tooth and which anchor each tooth into…

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Epidemiology

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Epidemiology

10.1055/b-0034-56501 Epidemiology Descriptive epidemiology deals with the occurrence, the severity and the distribution of diseases, as well as physical and/or mental incapacity, or mortality, in any selected population. Analytical epidemiology…

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Types of Plaque-associated Periodontal Diseases

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Types of Plaque-associated Periodontal Diseases

10.1055/b-0034-56502 Types of Plaque-associated Periodontal Diseases Gingivitis—Periodontitis The general term “periodontal diseases” encompasses inflammatory as well as recessive alterations within the gingiva and the periodontium (Page & Schroeder 1982; AAP…

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Etiology and Pathogenesis

Jul 2, 2020 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Etiology and Pathogenesis

10.1055/b-0034-56497 Etiology and Pathogenesis The most common diseases of the tooth-supporting apparatus are plaque-induced, usually chronic, inflammatory alterations in the gingiva and the subjacent periodontal structures. Gingivitis may persist for…

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Anatomy

Mar 18, 2019 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Anatomy

Oral Anatomy Oral Anatomy Parts of the Oral Cavity Oral Health Checklist Clean teeth (free of plaque) No chipped, worn or broken teeth Pain-free teeth No decay or cavities No…

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Implants

Mar 18, 2019 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Implants

Implants Before and After Missing tooth Tooth replaced by a dental implant There are three general phases of implant treatment: • Implant placement: The dentist surgically places the implant into…

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Preparation and Placement

Mar 18, 2019 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Preparation and Placement

Crown Preparation and Placement Steps in placing a crown: 1. Your dentist prepares the tooth by removing its outer portion so the crown will fit. Any decay is also removed….

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Restorations (Fillings)

Mar 18, 2019 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Restorations (Fillings)

Typical Restorations (Fillings) Anterior (Front) Restorations These drawings show some of the positions where restorations are often needed. The type of material used depends partly on where the restoration is…

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Orthodontics

Mar 18, 2019 by in Dental Hygiene Comments Off on Orthodontics

Orthodontic Treatment Orthodontics Malocclusion: Early Treatment Before treatment After treatment Malocclusion: Adolescent Treatment Before treatment After treatment Appliances Used During Growth and Development Crooked teeth and bite problems are often…

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