Purpose: The present study was aimed to characterize the clinicopathological, immunohistochemical features and treatment outcomes of primary oral and maxillofacial liposarcomas by presenting the experience over a 16-year period at a tertiary referral Chinese institution for head neck cancer.
Materials and methods: This retrospective clinical study included 11 cases of pathologically confirmed primary liposarcomas treated from January 1993 to September 2009. Detailed information regarding primary site, clinical manifestations, histopathological and immunohistochemical analysis, treatments and prognosis was collected and reported.
Results: Eight female and three male patients aged from 8 to 76 years old. These lesions occurred in buccal (3), parotid (2), temporal (2), tongue (2), palate (1) and oropharyngeal (1) region. They were histopathologically categorized into 4 subtypes based on WHO classification scheme: atypical lipomatous tumor/well-differentiated (4), myxoid (4), mixed-type (2) and pleomorphic (1) liposarcomas. Immunohistochemical staining indicated mostly positive for Vimentin and S-100 but negative for other markers. Most patients presented as slow-growing painless masses and underwent surgery alone or combined with postoperative radiotherapy. Two patients were misdiagnosed and inappropriate treated and developed local relapse before referred to our institute. No distant metastasis and one disease-related death were recorded during the follow-up (ranging: 1–11 years, mean 4.5 years).
Conclusions: Oral and maxillofacial liposarcoma is exceedingly rare and has atypical clinical manifestations but characteristic histopathology. Complete excision with negative margins followed by long-term follow-up is recommended as the treatment of choice for these uncommon entities.
Conflict of interest: None declared.