12: EXTRACTION FORCEPS

SECTION 12

EXTRACTION FORCEPS

Extraction forceps are used along with elevators to extract teeth. Each extraction forcep is designed for a particular area of the mouth. The beaks are designed to fit around the cervical portion of the tooth. Pointed beaks are designed to grip the furcation area.

Images

Figure 12.1

Images

Figure 12.2

Images

PARTS OF EXTRACTION FORCEPS

FIGURE 12.1

Beak

  • The beaks of extraction forceps are designed to fit around the curve of the tooth’s crown
  • Universal forceps have a beak that can be used in any quadrant of the mouth
  • Forceps designed for multi-rooted teeth have beaks with a point that is adapted to grip the tooth furcation
  • Forceps designed for single-rooted teeth usually have smooth beaks

Hinge

  • Extraction forceps have hinges (can be screw or pin type) allowing the beak and handle to be opened and grasped
  • Care must be taken with hinges to prevent damage during sterilisation (see manufacturer’s instructions for appropriate care)

Handle

  • A serrated handle allows the operator to have a better grip
  • A palm grasp is used with the handle of extraction forceps
  • A curve on the end of the handle may be present for the little finger, to provide more stability and leverage
  • Handles of maxillary forceps are often curved upwards, with the beak in line with the handle
  • Mandibular forceps tend to have a straight handle with the beak at a 90° angle to the handle

TYPES OF EXTRACTION FORCEPS

FIGURE 12.2a, b

Name

Bayonet extraction forceps

Family

Extraction forceps

Function

Elongated beak is designed for extraction of maxillary third molars and roots

Figure 12.3

Images

Figure 12.4

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Figure 12.5

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FIGURE 12.3a, b

Name

Maxillary right permanent molar extraction forceps

Family

Extraction forceps

Function

Used for extraction of maxillary right permanent molar teeth

Identifying features

To determine whether left or right forceps:

  • Hold forceps in hand loosely (beak facing patient)
  • The point of the beak should grip the furcation on the buccal side (‘beak to cheek’)

False friend

Maxillary left permanent molar extraction forceps

FIGURE 12.4a, b

Name

Maxillary left permanent molar extraction forceps

Family

Extraction forceps

Function

Used for extraction of maxillary left permanent molar teeth

Identifying features

To determine whether left or right forceps:

  • Hold forceps in hand loosely (beak facing patient)
  • The point of the beak should grip the furcation on the buccal side (‘beak to cheek’)

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Jan 8, 2015 | Posted by in Dental Nursing and Assisting | Comments Off on 12: EXTRACTION FORCEPS
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