2: Differential Diagnosis of Oral Lesions and Developmental Anomalies

Differential Diagnosis of Oral Lesions and Developmental Anomalies

Awide variety of oral lesions and soft tissue anomalies are detected in children, but the low frequency at which many of these entities occur makes them challenging to clinically diagnose. The purpose of this chapter is to highlight selected oral lesions that are most commonly found in children and pathologic entities that primarily develop in this age group. In addition, oral lesions associated with several genetic disorders and specific malignancies, which may mimic benign or inflammatory conditions, are included to broaden the disease scope. The material is outlined in tables to make this comprehensive subject more succinct and easier to review. The brief description for each entity summarizes the most important clinical information that is relevant to the child patient. Representative examples of these conditions are included to illustrate the characteristic clinical or radiographic features.

Each oral lesion is described according to key points: (1) the most common pediatric age group affected and the gender predilection, (2) the characteristic clinical and radiographic findings of the lesion, (3) the most frequent location for the lesion, (4) the pediatric significance of the lesion, (5) the treatment and prognosis for the lesion, and (6) the differential diagnosis that is pertinent to this age group.

Except for the first table on selected developmental anomalies, the other tables are arranged to capture the primary clinical or radiographic characteristics for the purpose of comparison. The sequential headings for each of the tables include the following disease categories:

Developmental anomalies (Table 2-1, Figure 2-1)

White soft tissue lesions (Table 2-2, Figure 2-2)

Dark soft tissue lesions (Table 2-3, Figure 2-3)

Jan 14, 2015 | Posted by in Pedodontics | Comments Off on 2: Differential Diagnosis of Oral Lesions and Developmental Anomalies
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