Background and objectives : One of the most demanding aspects of emergency medicine is the management of patients who have suffered facial trauma. Difficult circumstances such as the high number of casualties, severity of the facial wounds, coupled with the limited number of operating rooms and hospital beds, were a constant challenge to the surgeons. This study present different types of facial missile injuries and their surgical managements.
Methods : The following study focuses on maxillofacial injuries that were treated at Maxillofacial Unit, Ramadi Teaching Hospital and Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Anbar University, Iraq, during the period of May 2008 to April 2012. The (100) cases were chosen on the basis of them being only oral and maxillofacial injuries including 80 (80%) males and 20 (20%) females with age range from 8 to 75 years old.
Results : Most cases were in the age group (20–29) years, (60) patients were injured with missile fragments, isolated soft tissue injuries were found in (20) patients while, skeletal injuries were found in (80) patients, facial nerve injuries which found in (11) patients.
Conclusions : Blast injury survivors usually experience multiple injuries that are characterized by gross contamination. The severity of these injuries depends on the type of missile site of injuries and the amount of soft tissue loss and bone destroyed.
Key words: missile; war injuries; mandible; trauma.
Disclosure : The author do not have any financial relationships with the manufacturer/supplier of any commercial products or services related to the work.