© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016
Anna B. Fuks and Benjamin Peretz (eds.)Pediatric Endodontics10.1007/978-3-319-27553-6_1
1. Pediatric Endodontics: Past and Present Perspectives and Future Directions
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, The Hebrew University Hadassah School of Dental Medicine, Jerusalem, 12272, Israel
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, The Maurice and Gabriela Goldschleger School of Dental Medicine, Tel Aviv, Israel
Dentistry for children is one of the most needed of all specialties in dentistry. Yet, unawareness of newer concepts of present-day pediatric dentistry practice and the ultimate goals to be achieved still exist. The value of teaching pediatric dentistry cannot be overestimated as inadequate or unsatisfactory dental treatment during childhood may damage permanently the entire masticatory apparatus, leaving the individual with many of the dental problems so common in today’s adult population .
The utmost goals of modern pediatric dentistry are to bring children into the permanent dentition after natural exfoliation of their healthy and/or properly treated primary teeth and instill a positive attitude toward keeping habits of optimal dental and oral health.
1.1 Pediatric Endodontics
Pediatric dentistry is a unique specialty that deals with the total and comprehensive oral health care of children. As such, it involves all aspects of oral care ranging from prevention to restorative treatments. Historically, pediatric dentistry has evolved from an extraction-oriented practice at the beginning, where primary teeth with inflamed pulps were mostly extracted, and no focus has been put on preserving the pulp, to a specialty based on emphasizing prevention of oral and dental diseases.