Stephen G. Alfano and Robert M. Laughlin
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Naval Medical Center San Diego, California, USA
A method of transitioning a patient with complete edentulism or a nonrestorable dentition to an implant-supported fixed restoration without the use of an interim removable prosthesis.
- Adequate bone volume for the placement of dental implants
- Adequate interarch distance for a fixed prosthesis
- Properly motivated patient to maintain a fixed prosthesis
- Uncontrolled systemic disease
- Retrognathic jaw relationship
- The procedure may be undertaken using local, intravenous, or general anesthesia.
- Extraction of the remaining dentition is carefully completed, making sure to preserve alveolar bone.
- The alveolar bone is curetted to debride granulation tissue, periapical pathology, and fistulous tracts.
The residual edentulous maxillary arch is leveled and reduced to ensure the interface between the abutment, and the final restoration is superior to the lip line during animation (see Figure 7.2 [all figures are in Case Report 7.1]).
The residual edentulous mandibular arch is leveled to achieve a uniform flat surface topography to provide the proper width for the placement of dental implants and sufficient vertical space to allow for restorative materials (Figures 7.5 and 7.6).
- Posterior implants are placed to ensure proper distal angulation to avoid violating vital structures (mental nerve, and maxillary sinuses) (Figures 7.3 and 7.5). Anterior implants are placed along the long axis of the anterior alveolus (Figure 7.6).
- Alveolar bone interfering with the seating of the abutments is removed.
- Abutments are seated and torqued to manufacturer recommendations.
- Healing caps are placed on the abutments, and the incisions are closed in a tension-free manner with resorbable sutures (Figures 7.4 and 7.7).
- Postsurgical films are taken to ensure appropriate implant position and complete seating of abutments.
Note: These procedures are typically performed in/>