40: Periodontal Diseases in Children and Adolescents

40

Periodontal diseases in children and adolescents

Figure 40.1 Classification of periodontal diseases and conditions for children and adolescents. From Armitage (1999).

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Figure 40.2 Simplified Basic Periodontal Examination (BPE) screening in children and adolescents. WHO, World Health Organisation. From Ainamo et al. (1984); see also Clerehugh (2008).

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Figure 40.3 Plaque-induced gingivitis in a 16-year-old girl.

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Figure 40.4 Plaque-induced gingivitis in a 15-year-old Asian girl.

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Figure 40.5 (a) Plaque-induced gingivitis and supragingival calculus on the labial of the lower incisors in a 10-year-old Asian girl. (b) Lingual lower anteriors with supragingival calculus.

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Figure 40.6 Plaque-induced gingivitis and local contributing factors. (a) Localised recession. (b) Frenal attachments near the gingival margin. (c) A 19-year-old girl with amelogenesis imperfecta and calculus. (d) Incompetent lips and mouth breathing exacerbating gingivitis anteriorly in a 12-year-old boy.

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Figure 40.7 Non-plaque-induced gingival condition: primary herpetic gingivostomatitis. Herpes simplex virus 1 vesicles on the gingiva (a, b) and tongue (c). Courtesy of Dr S. Kindelan.

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Figure 40.8 Non-plaqueinduced gingival condition: neutropenia in a young child with severe gingival inflammation and mobile primary incisors. Courtesy of Dr S. Kindelan.

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Figure 40.9 Non-plaque-induced gingival condition: histoplasmosis in a young, severely immunocompromised child with bone marrow rejection. There is a fungal infection, deep mycoses and histoplasma capsulatum. Courtesy of Professor I. L. C. Chapple.

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Figure 40.10 (a) The results of a 5-year study of clinical attachment loss in 14–19-year-old adolescents in Rochdale, UK. (b) Incipient chronic periodontitis in a 19-year-old. From Clerehugh et al. (1990).

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Figure 40.11 (a–c) Localised aggressive periodontitis in a 12-year-old black girl of African origin.

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Figure 40.12 Papillon–Lefèvre/>

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Jan 14, 2015 | Posted by in Periodontics | Comments Off on 40: Periodontal Diseases in Children and Adolescents
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