28: Skin and wound infections

Chapter 28 Skin and wound infections

Skin infections

The major forms of skin infections and the agents involved are shown in Table 28.1.

Table 28.1 Agents of some important skin infectionsa

Aetiological agent Skin infection
Bacteria  
Staphylococcus aureus Abscesses (boils), impetigo, pustules, carbuncles, toxic epidermal necrolysis (Ritter’s disease), omphalitis, angular cheilitis, sycosis barbae
β-Haemolytic streptococci Cellulitis, impetigo, erysipelas
Propionibacterium acnes Acne
Mycobacterium tuberculosis Lupus vulgaris
Mycobacterium ulcerans Swimming pool granuloma
Mycobacterium leprae Leprosy
Actinomyces israelii Actinomycosis (cervicofacial)
Treponema pallidum Syphilis
Haemophilus ducreyi Chancroid
Viruses  
Herpes simplex virus Cold sore, herpetic whitlow
Varicella-zoster virus Chickenpox, shingles
Papovaviruses Papillomas, warts
Coxsackievirus A Hand, foot and mouth disease
Fungi  
Candida spp. Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis
  Angular cheilitis
Various dermatophytes Ringworm, etc.

a Infections caused by protozoa and insects are not given.

Bacterial skin infections

Diagnosis of bacterial skin infections

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Jan 4, 2015 | Posted by in General Dentistry | Comments Off on 28: Skin and wound infections
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