25: PIEZOSURGERY RELATED TO IMPLANT RECONSTRUCTION

CHAPTER 25 PIEZOSURGERY RELATED TO IMPLANT RECONSTRUCTION

image Clinical Characteristics of Ultrasonic Cutting

Mectron Piezosurgery (Figure 25-1) cuts the bone using the mechanical microvibrations generated by multifrequency ultrasonic vibrations. The mechanical linear microvibrations range from 20-80 microns and the difference between 20 (low) and 80 (high) depends on the efficiency of inserts. Adjusting the variable frequency enables optimization of the ultrasonic cut, thus eliminating dispersion of energy in the form of heat.

The over-modulation of the ultrasonic wave generated by Mectron Piezosurgery (US Patent 6,695,047B2) has the dual effect of cutting the bone and at the same time eliminating bone fragments produced; if the bone fragments remain inside the osteotomy they act as soft and elastic tissue, preventing additional cutting action and resulting in dispersion of kinetic energy as heat.

The primary clinical characteristics of the cutting action of Mectron Piezosurgery are:

image Surgical Techniques

The new Piezoelectric bone surgery technique developed by the author is based on the cutting characteristics of Piezosurgery described in the preceding sections. Its application enabled the development of several pioneer techniques for oral, periodontal, and implant surgery. The basic idea was to simplify existing techniques so that a higher number of clinicians could perform them with accurate predictability. This path of clinical scientific development was managed according to the following specific guidelines.

Scientific clinical research has always stemmed from the need to solve a clinical problem. This is why many in vitro laboratory tests on animal bone have been performed to develop instruments and define their effectiveness and efficiency. Scientific-histological research was carried out on animals to assess bone and soft tissue response. Multicenter clinical studies were carried out to establish a clinical protocol for each operation. Every technique is characterized by a protocol divided into subsequent phases indicating the purpose, type of insert, and potential application. This extensive work made it possible to streamline and simplify the following techniques:

This chapter provides a general overview of and conveys the primary aspects of each one.

Dental Extraction

The main objective of the extraction technique is to remove the root and preserve the integrity of the alveolar walls and the architecture of periodontal soft tissue. The characteristics of ultrasonic cutting produced by Mectron Piezosurgery, in particular cutting selectivity and micropressure, make it possible to achieve these goals of preservation of morphology and tissue conservation.

Mectron Piezosurgery for extraction surgery (Figure 25-2) is recommended in cases with particular anatomical difficulty such as cases with an ankylotic root or thin, scalloped periodontal biotype. With Mectron Piezosurgery surgical aggression during extraction is focused only on the root surface.

A surgical protocol has been developed for every anatomical condition, which enables the precise internal and external root movement needed for extraction. The primary extraction techniques applicable with Mectron Piezosurgery are root resection, which enables recovery of root movement in the alveolar space while protecting the walls against extraction stress (especially in cases of thin periodontium); Piezoelectric osteoplastic surgery, which consists of consuming the root surface (particularly the ankylotic), protecting the alveolar bone against overheating and improving healing; and extraction of the third molar, where use of Mectron Piezosurgery is particularly beneficial, thanks to improved operation visibility and control over cutting action.

Jan 7, 2015 | Posted by in Implantology | Comments Off on 25: PIEZOSURGERY RELATED TO IMPLANT RECONSTRUCTION
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