Squamous odontogenic tumor is a rare, benign, locally infiltrative neoplasm of the jaws originally described in 1975 by Pullon et al. To date, less than 50 cases have been reported in the literature. We present a case of a fifteen years old boy reporting painful swelling of the left mandible evolving over the previous five months. Histological analysis first led to an initial diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma but did not match with the very slow clinical evolution of the lesion. After new curettage and histological examinations, the diagnosis of a squamous odontogenic tumor was made. The histopathological features and our treatment strategy are discussed followed by a brief review of the literature.
Conflict of interest: None declared.