Reviewed by Alex Jacobson
The introductory chapters (1 and 2) of this book discuss and describe in considerable detail the various facets of occlusion and malocclusion, and the postnatal development of the craniofacial region. Normal and abnormal postnatal growth of the various parts of the craniofacial region (vault, base, nasomaxillary complex) and dentoalveolar compensation are elaborately described and illustrated in chapter 3. This is followed by chapter 4 that debates the prenatal and postnatal development of the dentition. The biologic response of the periodontium, resulting in remodeling of the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone, and ultimately in tooth movement (the process that is the basis of orthodontic practice), is described in chapter 5.
Successful orthodontic treatment outcome entails correct diagnosis, which in turn includes patient interview, thorough examination, and collection of appropriate records. A substantial chapter (6) is devoted to describing the procedure for the acquisition of a comprehensive database for the formulation of an appropriate treatment plan. The timing aims and limiting factors of orthodontic treatment are debated in chapter 7. Shown and described in chapter 8 are the various tooth movements that can be achieved with removable appliances, either individually or on groups of teeth. Tooth movements demonstrated are tipping, overbite reduction, crossbite correction, extrusion, and intrusion. Chapter 8, “Contemporary fixed appliances,” begins by describing the evolution of fixed appliances, their various components, placement, and manipulation, and the stages of treatment. Chapters 10 and 11, respectively, describe fairly comprehensively the management of the developing and permanent dentations.
Chapter 12, “Adult orthodontics,” begins by describing the reasons for the increased demand for orthodontic treatment by adults. Orthodontics as an adjunct to restorative and periodontal treatment is described and shown. A fairly large section of the chapter is devoted to orthodontics and oral surgery and planning the various procedures. Chapter 13 is devoted to describing cleft lip and palate in patients and the various syndromes that affect the craniofacial region.
The authors claim to have attempted to write a book that will appeal to students of orthodontics; I believe this they certainly have achieved. Stressed is the necessity of understanding the basic sciences that include detailed descriptions of craniofacial development, growth, and diseases. Recognized also is that orthodontics as a continuously evolving specialty; however, the authors have concentrated on the principles and techniques with the most robust evidence base.