3: Temporary restorative materials

Chapter 3

Temporary restorative materials

Certain dental cements mixed to a base or putty-like consistency can be used as temporary restorative materials, and there are other materials available that have temporary filling as their main function.

Provisional or temporary crown materials are also considered temporary restorative materials but will not be discussed in this chapter.


CAVITTM (3M ESPE) is a self-cure, temporary restorative material (Figure 3.1).

Figure 3.1 CAVITTM – 3M ESPE.


Material constituents/composition

  • Zinc oxide
  • Calcium sulphate
  • Barium sulphate
  • Talc
  • Ethylene bis(oxyethylene) diacetate
  • Zinc sulphate
  • Poly(vinyl acetate)


  • Self-cure
  • Packable
  • Radiopaque
  • Available in light curable form


  • No manipulation required
  • Easy to place


  • Is not suitable for ‘shallow’ restorations

Indications and contraindications for use


  • Temporary restorations
  • Inlay and onlay temporary restorations


  • Not indicated for use in areas less than 3–5 millimetres thick


Wearing personal protective equipment.

Once the tooth is prepared for restoration:

Step 1

  • Dispense the required amount of CAVITTM on a waxed paper pad using a sterile instrument
Step 2

  • Transfer to the operator with a flat plastic instrument or operators instrument of choice
Step 3

  • The operator will place the material into the cavity preparation
  • Be prepared with a piece of gauze to wipe excess material from the blunt instrument
Step 4

  • Dispose of any waste material and waxed paper pad in the contaminated waste bin (Figure 3.2)
Mixing time

  • No mixing required

Figure 3.2 Step 1 – CAVITTM – 3M ESPE dispensed.


Instruments and materials used in set-up

Materials used in set-up:

  • Waxed paper pad
  • CAVITTM material
  • Flat plastic instrument


Zinc oxide eugenol (ZOE) may be used as a base, a temporary restorative material, a temporary luting agent, impression material, bite registration material, an endodontic sealer or a periodontal dressing. In this chapter, ZOE will be discussed in the/>

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Jan 1, 2015 | Posted by in Dental Materials | Comments Off on 3: Temporary restorative materials

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