20: Complete denture bases—acrylic resin

20

Complete denture bases—acrylic resin

Figure 20.1 Maxillary complete denture. (Lucitone 199, courtesy of Dentsply International.)

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Figure 20.2 Reaction initiation—decomposition of benzoyl peroxide molecule into two free radicals.

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Figure 20.3 Reaction propagation—interaction between free radicals and monomer.

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Figure 20.4 Reaction termination by annihilation, disproportionation, or transfer reaction.

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Box 20.1 Required properties of denture base materials (in alphabetical order)
Absence of taste and odor
Biocompatibility
Bondable to resins, metal, and porcelain
Chemical stability
Color stability
Ease of fabrication and repair
Insolubility in oral fluids
Long shelf life
Low sorption of oral fluids
Moderate cost
Natural appearance
Processing accuracy and dimensional stability
Satisfactory thermal properties
Strength and durability
Wear and abrasion resistance

Table 20.1 Stages during monomer–polymer reaction

Stage Mix characteristic
1 Sandy
2 Stringy
3 Doughy
4 Rubbery
5 Stiff

Table 20.2 Glass transition temperatures (Tg) of methacrylate resins

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Methacrylate resin Glass transition temperature, Tg (°C)
Methyl 125
Ethyl 65
n-Propyl 38
Isopropyl 95
n-Butyl 33
Isobutyl 70
sec-Butyl 62
Jan 1, 2015 | Posted by in Dental Materials | Comments Off on 20: Complete denture bases—acrylic resin
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