Validation of a novel condylar segmentation approach in CBCT data

Introduction: Morphological changes are often observed in condyles after orthognatic surgery. CBCT enables interpretation of volumetric changes and 3D visualization of condylar changes; however, accurate 3D reconstruction and volume rendering of the condyles is still hampered by low contrast resolution and isovalue distortion. The objective of this study is to present a novel semi-automatic segmentation method which overcomes these obstacles in 3D condyle analysis, with considerable time saving over manual segmentation.

Methods : A semi-automatic segmentation method, combining local thresholding and region growing, was used to segment both condyles in CBCT data of ten patients, previously used in another study utilizing a more manual segmentation approach. Segmentation was performed by two independent observers, and inter-observer Dice-coefficients were calculated. Similarity was compared by calculating Dice-coefficients and surface distances.

Results : Dice-coefficients between both observers were excellent (mean 0.98; range [0.95–0.99]), indicating high reproducibility. Comparison with the manually segmented condyles also yielded high Dice-coefficients (mean 0.96, range [0.94–0.98]). No systematic errors were observed between both methods.

Conclusion and discussion : The proposed segmentation method yielded excellent results, and could be valuable in assessing condylar morphological changes post-operatively. Fully automated segmentation methods are currently researched to further reduce time consumption.

Key words : condylar resorption; CBCT; segmentation

Disclosure: None.

Only gold members can continue reading. Log In or Register to continue

Jan 21, 2018 | Posted by in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery | Comments Off on Validation of a novel condylar segmentation approach in CBCT data
Premium Wordpress Themes by UFO Themes