Pediatric oral and maxillofacial surgery is rarely seen as a separate entity from adult oral and maxillofacial surgery. Many procedures are similar on adults and children; however, children have unique behavioral, anatomic, and physiologic considerations. Children also have a propensity for certain injuries and pathologic lesions. Children born with congenital anomalies may also have a special subset of needs. This article is a brief review of oral and maxillofacial surgery on the pediatric population.
The procedures and techniques of oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) may be similar in adult and pediatric patients, but the behavioral and anesthetic considerations may be very different.
Certain procedures and clinical findings may be more common in children, simply because of their age, growth, and development.
Pediatric surgical patients should be evaluated as any other patient, with appropriate history, examination, and imaging.
Surgical planning for pediatric patients should take into consideration age, behavior, dental and physiologic development, and maxillofacial growth.