The term osteomyelitis, from the Greek (osteos = bone + myelós = marrow), describes an inflammatory process caused by infection in the cortical and cancellous bone. The diagnosis is based on a combination of clinical, bacteriological and images data. In the maxillofacial region, most affected bone is the mandible. The compromise of its condylar portion is described in the literature as a very rare condition. The authors report a female patient with condylar osteomyelitis of the right temporomandibular joint secondary to dental extraction. Condilectomy for removal of the necrotic tissue and long-term antibiotherapy was performed. No alloplastic reconstruction was recommended until now. In 22 months follow-up, the patient presents no symptomatology and total functional recovery.
Conflict of interest: None declared.