Appendix: Suggested Reading

Suggested Reading


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LeBlond R, Brown D, DeGowin R. DeGowin’s diagnostic examination, 9th ed. McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.; 2008.


Adewumi A, Hall M, Guelmann M, Riley J. The incidence of adverse reactions following 4% septocaine (articane) in children. Pediatr Dent. 2008;30(5):424–428.

Akerman B, Hellberg IB, Trossvik C. Primary evaluation of the local anaesthetic properties of the amino amide agent ropivacaine (LEA 103) Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 1988;32:571–578.

Becker DE, Reed KL. Essentials of local anesthetic pharmacology. Anesth Prog 2006;53:98–109.

El-Sharrawy E, Yagiela JA. Anesthetic efficacy of different ropivacaine concentrations for inferior alveolar nerve block. Anesth Prog. 2006;53(1):3–7.

Ernberg M, Kopp S. Ropivicaine for dental anesthesia: a dose-finding study. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2002;60(9):1004–1010.

Hornke I, Eckert HG, Rupp W. Pharnakokinetik und metabolismus von articain nach intramuskularer injektion am mannlichen probanden. Dtsch Z Mund Kiefer Gesichts Chir 1984;8:67–71.

Kennedy M, Reader A, Beck M, et al. An evaluation of the anesthetic efficacy of .5% ropivacaine with 1 to 200,000 epinephrine in human maxillary local anesthesia infiltration. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 2001;91:406–412.

Kennedy M, Reader A, Beck M, Weaver J. Anesthetic efficacy of ropivacaine in maxillary anterior infiltration. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2001;91:406–412.

Kirch W, Kitteringham N, Lambers G, et al. Die klinische pharmakokinetik von articain nach intraoraler und intramuskularer application. Schweiz Monatsschr Zahnheilkd 1983;93:713–719.

Malamed SF. Handbook of local anesthesia. 6th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2012.

Meechan JG. A comparison of ropivacaine and lidocaine with epinephrine for intraligamentary anesthesia. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2002;93:469–473.

Meechan JG. Ropivacaine is equivalent to bupivacaine in maxillary infiltrations. Evidence-Based Dentistry 2002;3:67–68.

Oertel R, Ebert U, Rahn R, Kirch W. Clinical pharmacokinetics of articaine. Clin Pharmacokinet. 1997;33(6):418–420.

Suurkula M, Blomberg S, Sjovall J, Edvardsson N. Central nervous and cardiovascular effects of IV infusions of ropivacaine, bupivacaine and placebo in volunteers. Br J Anaesth. 1997;78:507–514.



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Juhl, GI, Norholt, SE, Tonnesen, E, Hiesse-Provost, O, Jensen, TS. Analgesic efficacy and safety of intravenous paracetamol (acetaminophen) administered as a 2g starting dose following third molar surgery. European Journal of Pain; 2006;10(4):371–377.

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Lichtor JL, Schwartz AJ, Abouleish A, et al. Practice guidelines for acute pain management in the perioperative setting: an updated report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Acute Pain Management. Anesthesiology. 2012;116(2):248–273.

MacDonald TM, Wei L. Effect of ibuprofen on cardioprotective effect of aspirin. Lancet. 2003;361:573–574.

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Prasanna N, Subbarao CV, Gutmann JL. The efficacy of pre-operative oral medication of lornoxicam and diclofenac potassium on the success of inferior alveolar nerve block in patients with irreversible pulpitis: a double-blind, randomised controlled clinical trial. Int Endod J. Apr 2011;44(4):330–6.

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Van Dyke T, Litkowski LJ, Kiersch TA, Zarringhalam NM, Zheng H, Newman K. Combination oxycodone 5mg/ibuprofen 400mg for the treatment of postoperative pain: a double-blind, placebo- and active-controlled parallel-group study. Clin Ther. 2004;26:2003–2014.

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Alliance for the Prudent Use of Antibiotics. Consumer Information.

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Moellering RC, Jr. Linezolid: Summaries for patients. Annals of Internal Medicine 138 (January 21, 2003):I–44.

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Westphal JF, Macrolide-induced clinically relevant drug interactions with cytochrome P-450A (CYP) 3A4: an update focused on clarithromycin, azithromycin and dirithromycin. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2000;50(4):285–295.

Wynn RL, Bergman SA, Meiller TF, et al. Antibiotics in treating oral-facial infections of odontogenic origins: An Update. Gen Dent 2001;49(3):238–240,242,244 passim.

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Medline Plus. Drug information. Accessed from


Andrei G, Snoeck R. Emerging drugs for varicella-zoster virus infections. Rega Expert Opin Emerg Drugs. 2011;16(3):507–535.

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Mortensen GL. Perceptions of herpes zoster and attitudes towards zoster vaccination among 50–65-year-old Danes. Dan Med Bull. 2011;58(12):A4345.

MedLine Plus Drug informationfor acyclovir and valacyclovir:


Bressler A. Principles of drug therapy for the elderly patient. Mayo Clin Proc. 2003;78:1564–1577.

Bailey DG, Dresser GK. Interactions between grapefruit juice and cardiovascular drugs. Am. J. Cardiovasc. Drugs. 2004;4:281–297.

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Gurley BJ, Swain A, Williams DK, Barone G, Battu SK. Gauging the clinical significance of P-glycoprotein-mediated herb-drug interactions: comparative effects of St. John’s wort, Echinacea, clarithromycin, and rifampin on digoxin pharmacokinetics. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2008;52(7):772–779.

Hughes J, Crowe A. Inhibition of P-glycoprotein-mediated efflux of digoxin and its metabolites by macrolide antibiotics. J Pharmacol Sci.2010;113(4):315–24.

Kim RB. Drugs as P-glycoprotein substrates, inhibitors, and inducers. Drug Metab. Rev. 2002;34:47–54.

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Vasquez EM, Shin GP, Sifontis N, Benedetti E. Comcomitant Clotrimazole therapy more than doubles the relative oral bioavailability of Tacrolimus. Ther Drug Monit. 2005;27:587–591.

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