27 Deep bite malocclusion

27

Deep bite malocclusion

Table 27.1 Akerly classification of traumatic overbite.

Akerly 1 The lower incisors occlude with the palatal mucosa causing mucosal trauma away from the patatal gingival margin image
Akerly 2 The lower incisors occlude with and traumatise the palatal gingival margins of the upper incisors image
Akerly 3 Traumatic occlusion leads to stripping of the lower labial and the upper palatal gingivae image
Akerly 4 The incisors sheer past each other causing wear on the palatal aspects of the upper incisors and sometimes the labial aspect of the lower incisors. This may be associated with loss of posterior dental support and/or a parafunctional habit image

Table 27.2 Methods for reducing a deep overbite.

Technique  
Removable appliance • Anterior bite plane
• Headgear
• Functional appliances
Fixed appliance • Fixed orthodontic appliances
Orthognathic surgery • Mandibular advancement
• Lower labial segment setdown
Resorative treatment • Restoration of the posterior occlusal vertical dimension
• Occlusal splints
• Dahl appliance

Figure 27.1 (A) Classification of overbite. (B) Methods for reducing a deep overbite. (i) An anterior bite plane encourages molar eruption and prevents incisor eruption, (ii) Distal movement of the maxillary molars results in bite opening by the wedge effect, (iii) In non-growing individuals with Class II deep bite malocclusion, anterior-inferior surgical repositioning of the mandible can reduce the OB and increase the LAFH.

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The overbite (OB) is the vertical overlap of the mandibular incisors by the maxillary incisor/>

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Jan 1, 2015 | Posted by in Orthodontics | Comments Off on 27 Deep bite malocclusion
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