Introduction to endodontology and endodontics
The Consensus Report of the European Society of Endodontology (2006) defines this discipline thus:
“Endodontology is concerned with the study of the form, function and health of, injuries to and diseases of the dental pulp and periradicular region, their prevention and treatment; the principal disease being apical periodontitis, caused by infection. The aetiology and diagnosis of dental pain and diseases are integral parts of endodontic practice. The scope of the special area of dental practice known as endodontics is defined by the educational requirements for the training of a dentist, as described by the European Society of Endodontology in the undergraduate curriculum guidelines for Endodontology (European Society of Endodontology 2001; De Moor et al. 2013).
Endodontic treatment encompasses procedures that are designed to maintain the health of all or part of the dental pulp. When the dental pulp is diseased or injured, treatment is aimed at preserving normal periradicular tissues. When apical periodontitis has occurred, treatment is aimed at restoring the periradicular tissues to health: this is usually carried out by root canal treatment, occasionally in combination with surgical endodontics. The scope of endodontics includes, but is not limited to, the differential diagnosis and treatment of oro-facial pain of pulpal and periradicular origin; prevention of pulp disease and vital pulp therapy; pulp extirpation and root canal treatment; root canal treatment in cases of apical periodontitis; (root canal) retreatment in case of post-treatment apical periodontitis; surgical endodontics; bleaching of endodontically treated teeth; treatment procedures related to coronal restoration by means of a core and/or a post involving the root canal space and/or endodontically related measures in connection with crown-lengthening and forced eruption procedures and treatment of traumatized teeth.
As part of dentistry’s main goal to maintain a healthy, natural dentition for the public, the aim of endodontic treatment is to preserve functional teeth without prejudice to the patient’s health. Every />