Pulp cavities of primary teeth

SECTION VI PULP CAVITIES OF PRIMARY TEETH

Primary anterior teeth have pulp cavities that are similar in shape to the pulp cavities of the secondary teeth but are relatively much larger than in permanent molars due to the thinner primary tooth enamel and dentin. On anterior primary teeth, the pulp may have slight projections on the incisal border corresponding to the lobes, but there is usually no demarcation or constriction between the single canal and the pulp chamber except on the mandibular central incisor.8

Primary molar teeth have little or almost no root trunk, so the pulp chambers are mostly in the tooth crown, compared to permanent molars where much of the pulp chamber is located in the root trunk (Fig. 6-40A). The pulp chambers of primary molars have long and often very narrow pulp horns extending beneath the cusps. The mesiobuccal pulp horn (and cusp) of the primary maxillary second molar is the longest in that tooth, compared to the mesiolingual horn (and cusp) in the permanent maxillary first molar.

Photos A and B show the pulp cavities of primary molars.

FIGURE 6-40. Pulp cavities of primary molars. A. Primary mandibular right second molar, cross section (buccal side ground off to expose the pulp cavity). Notice that the pulp chamber is located mostly within the crown and has pronounced pulp horns that extend considerably toward the enamel. B. Primary maxillary first molar, cross section (mesial side removed). The root canals of the mesiobuccal root and the lingual root (right side of picture) are exposed. An extensive area of decay beneath the enamel of the lingual cusp has reached the prominent pulp horn. Notice the thin enamel.

Description

LEARNING EXERCISES

If you are fortunate to have a collection of actual primary teeth, study the morphology for variations. Observe for differences in the amount of root resorption, examine the occlusal surface for wear facets due to attrition, and evaluate the interior pulp chamber (after sectioning) for size, pulp horns, and thickness of enamel and dentin. Use the distinguishing characteristics in Tables 6-6 and 6-7 to identify each tooth within your collection of primary teeth. Next, try to recognize each of these traits as seen in the tooth figures in this chapter.

TABLE 6-6 Arch Traits That Distinguish Primary Maxillary from Mandibular Teeth

MAXILLARY CENTRAL INCISOR

MANDIBULAR CENTRAL INCISOR

Short, wide, symmetrical crown (facial)

Long, narrow, symmetrical, very small (facial)

Root bends facially in apical third and labially in cervical third (proximal)

Root straighter but still bends facially in apical third (proximal)

Root long and bulky

Root long and thin

Large, elevated cingulum

Smaller, less prominent cingulum

MAXILLARY LATERAL INCISOR

MANDIBULAR LATERAL INCISOR

Crown narrow and oblong (facial)

Smaller cingulum

Root bends facially in apical third and labially in cervical third (proximal)

Root bends facially in apical one half (proximal)

MAXILLARY CANINE

MANDIBULAR CANINE

Wide crown mesiodistally (facial)

Crown longer, narrower, less symmetrical (facial)

Cusp tip sharp and centered (facial)

Cusp tip toward mesial (facial)

Mesial cusp ridge is UNIQUELY longer, steeper than distal (facial)

Mesial cusp ridge shorter than distal (facial)

Cingulum centered (incisal)

Cingulum distally located (incisal)

Mesial contact UNIQUELY more cervical than distal (facial)

Distal contact more cervical than mesial (facial)

Root bends facially in apical one third (proximal)

Root with less facial bend in apical one half (proximal)

MAXILLARY FIRST MOLAR

MANDIBULAR FIRST MOLAR

3 roots (if intact): mesiobuccal (MB), distobuccal (DB), and lingual

2 roots (if intact): mesial and distal

3 to 4 cusps: MB largest, DB, mesiolingual (ML), and distolingual (DL) may be absent

4 cusps: MB, DB, ML, and DL

Crown wider faciolingually than mesiodistally; tapers to lingual (occlusal)

Crown much wider mesiodistally than faciolingually (occlusal)

H-shaped occlusal grooves

Occlusal TABLE has small mesial triangular fossa; large central fossa

 

Well-developed mesial marginal ridge and strong transverse ridge

Unique crown shape but similar to permanent maxillary first premolar (occlusal)

Unique crown shape (like no other)

MAXILLARY SECOND MOLAR

MANDIBULAR SECOND MOLAR

3 roots (if intact): MB, DB, and lingual

2 roots (if intact): mesial and distal

Crown resembles small permanent maxillary first molar

Crown resembles small permanent mandibular first molar

TABLE 6-7 How to Tell Right from Left Primary Teeth

MAXILLARY CENTRAL INCISOR

MANDIBULAR CENTRAL INCISOR

90° mesioincisal angle (facial)

Difficult to discern rights from lefts

Distal contact more cervical than mesial (facial)

 

Distoincisal angle more rounded (facial)

 

Crown outline flatter on mesial (facial)

 

More cervical line curvature on mesial (proximal)

 

MAXILLARY LATERAL INCISOR

MANDIBULAR LATERAL INCISOR

Flat mesial and rounded distal outline (facial)

More rounded distoincisal angle and distal crown bulge (facial)

Distal contact more cervical than mesial (facial)

Distal contact more cervical than mesial (facial)

More rounded distoincisal angle (facial)

More rounded distoincisal angle (facial)

More cervical line curvature on mesial (proximal)

More cervical line curvature on mesial (proximal)

MAXILLARY CANINE

MANDIBULAR CANINE

UNIQUE longer mesial cusp ridge (facial)

Shorter mesial cusp ridge (facial)

Deeper and narrower distal than mesial fossa (lingual)

 

UNIQUE mesial contact more cervical than distal (facial)

Distal contact more cervical than mesial (facial)

Flat mesial crown outline (facial)

 

More cervical line curvature on mesial (proximal)

More cervical line curvature on mesial (proximal)

MAXILLARY FIRST MOLAR

MANDIBULAR FIRST MOLAR

Crown longer on mesial than distal (facial)

Crown longer on mesial than distal (facial)

Crown wider (faciolingually) on mesial than distal (occlusal)

Occlusal TABLE has small mesial triangular fossa; large central fossa (occlusal)

Mesiobuccal cervical crown bulge (facial and occlusal)

Mesiobuccal cervical crown bulge (facial and occlusal)

Distal marginal ridge more cervical than mesial (proximal)

Distal marginal ridge more cervical than mesial (proximal)

Distobuccal root (if roots intact) is smallest; shortest

Mesial root (if roots intact) longer and wider faciolingually

Mesiobuccal cusp is longest

Mesiobuccal cusp largest and longest

MAXILLARY SECOND MOLAR

MANDIBULAR SECOND MOLAR

Mesiobuccal cervical crown bulge (occlusal)

Mesiobuccal cervical crown bulge (occlusal)

Crown longer on mesial than distal (facial)

Crown longer on mesial than distal (facial)

Large mesiolingual cusp vs. distolingual

Has fifth (distal) cusp

Distal marginal ridge more cervical than mesial (compare proximal views)

Distal marginal ridge more cervical than mesial (compare proximal views)

Distobuccal root shortest and smallest

Mesial root (if intact) longer and wider faciolingually

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Sep 12, 2021 | Posted by in General Dentistry | Comments Off on Pulp cavities of primary teeth
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