Case 31 Full mouth rehabilitation—implant-supported, cementable fixed prostheses

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Full mouth rehabilitation—implant-supported, cementable fixed prostheses

Implant placement with compromised angulations may necessitate the use of custom abutments with cementable metal superstructure for fabrication of implant-supported fixed prostheses. These prostheses require careful consideration to prevent mechanical failure and assure long-term success.

CASE STORY

A 55-year-old male with a history of extensive dental treatments presents to the clinic with multiple dental infections requiring immediate extractions. After urgent dental care, a comprehensive dental treatment plan was initiated to restore function and aesthetics.

Figure 1: Pretreatment maxillary occlusal view.

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Figure 2: Pretreatment mandibular occlusal view.

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LEARNING GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

  • Recognize and understand the indications for the custom abutments and cementable implant-supported fixed prostheses.
  • Understand the importance of passive fit of framework design.
  • Understand the rationale for selecting luting agents for a cementable implant-supported fixed prosthesis.

Figure 3: Pretreatment frontal view.

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Medical History

  • No significant findings

Dental History

  • The presented patient previously received extensive dental treatments, and has neglected his oral hygiene for many years. The failing restorations and extensive decay have resulted in infection and loss of teeth. The inadequate occlusion and posterior support made it necessary for the patient to seek dental treatment.

Clinical Findings/Problem List

  • Supraerupted maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth
  • Missing maxillary right third molar, premolars, maxillary left second premolar, second and third molars, mandibular right and left molars, mandibular left first premolar (tooth numbers 1, 4, 5, 13, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 24, 25, 30, 31, and 32)
  • Restorations with open margins

Radiographic Findings

(See Fig. .)

Diagnosis

  • Generalized chronic moderate adult periodontitis
  • Localized chronic severe adult periodontitis
  • Caries
  • Defective restorations
  • Occlusal plane discrepancy
  • Partial edentulism
  • Class II malocclusion

Clinical Decision-Making Determining Factors

  • The degree of implant misalignments can significantly influence the selection of prosthesis design for proper implant load distribution, aesthetics, and maintenance. In the presence of excessive misalignments, a screw-retained fixed complete denture prosthesis may not be an option due to the unfavorable positions of screw access channels. In such cases, the use of individual custom abutments and cementable metal superstructure may be an option (Lewis, Beumer et al. 1988; Preiskel and Tsolka 1997; Zitzmann and Marinello />
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Jan 17, 2015 | Posted by in Prosthodontics | Comments Off on Case 31 Full mouth rehabilitation—implant-supported, cementable fixed prostheses
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