7 Implant macrostructure: implant/abutment connection


Implant macrostructure: implant/abutment connection

Abutment Connection

This is defined as the interface between the fixture and the prosthetic abutment. This interface may have different designs (Fig. 7.1) and is always secured by an abutment screw (Fig. 7.2). The implant/abutment connection must be precise and stable. It includes an antirotation device for single tooth restorations.

Figure 7.1 Three types of implant/abutment connection. Coronal part of the implant.


Figure 7.2 Three types of implant/abutment connection. Schematic abutment connected.


The connection should allow mechanical stability and adequate occlusal load distribution at the implant/abutment interface, over time.

From a clinical point of view, the connection should allow the clinical recording of the three-dimensional implant position during prosthetic impression (indexing).

The relevant question is: does the connection design influ­ence implant survival rate, marginal bone loss, and implant complications?

External Connection

Historically, the first implants were designed with a flat butt-joint interface and an external hexagon to allow for the recording of the implant location and to avoid rotation for single unit restorations. This very well-documented connection allows some micromotion of the interface and less rigidity during occlusal load transmission.

Internal Connection

Different designs of internal connections are available: internal hexagon, Morse taper, cylinder (Table 7.1).

Table 7.1 Some commercially available implant connection designs

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  Connection type Index device
Nobelbiocare (Branemark) Hexagon Hexagon
Straumann (massive abutment) Morse taper No
Straumann (Synocta) Morse taper Octagon

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Jan 7, 2015 | Posted by in Implantology | Comments Off on 7 Implant macrostructure: implant/abutment connection

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