5: E

E

Drug Class:

Antiglaucoma agent, ophthalmic; cyclostimulant, accommodative esotropia; diagnostic aid, accommodative esotropia

Drug Class:

Monoclonal antibody

Drug Class:

Antiviral (nonnucleoside)

Dental Considerations

Drug Class:

Serotonin receptor agonist

Drug Class:

Ophthalmic antihistamine

Drug Class:

Antiviral, nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor

emtricitabine + rilpivirine + tenofovir disoproxil

em-tri-site′-uh-been, ril-pi-vir′- een, & te noe fo veer

(Complera)

Drug Class:

Antiretroviral agent, reverse transcriptase inhibitor (nonnucleoside); antiretroviral agent, reverse transcriptase inhibitor (nucleoside); antiretroviral agent, reverse transcriptase inhibitor (nucleotide)

Drug Class:

Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor

Dental Considerations

General:

• Monitor vital signs at every appointment because of cardiovascular side effects.

• After supine positioning, have patient sit upright for at least 2 min before standing to avoid orthostatic hypotension.

• Patients on chronic drug therapy may rarely have symptoms of blood dyscrasias, which can include infection, bleeding, and poor healing.

• Assess salivary flow as a factor in caries, periodontal disease, and candidiasis.

• Limit use of sodium-containing products, such as saline IV fluids, for those patients with a dietary salt restriction.

• Use vasoconstrictors with caution, in low doses and with careful aspiration.

• Stress from dental procedures may compromise cardiovascular function; determine patient risk.

• Short appointments and a stress-reduction protocol may be required for anxious patients.

Drug Class:

Antiviral

Indications and Dosages

image HIV Infection (in combination with other antiretrovirals)

Pediatric dosing guidelines
Weight: lb (kg) Dose: mg (ml)
11–15.5 (24–34) 27 (0.3)
15.6–20 (35–44) 36 (0.4)
20.1–24.5 (45–54) 45 (0.5)
24.6–29 (55–64) 54 (0.6)
29.1–33.5 (65–74) 63 (0.7)
33.6–38 (75–84) 72 (0.8)
38.1–42.5 (85–94) 81 (0.9)
Greater than 42.5 (greater than 94) 90 (1)

Jan 5, 2015 | Posted by in General Dentistry | Comments Off on 5: E
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